cryptosporidiosis in urban zambian children: an analysis of risk four crowded townships of lusaka, zambia, the prevalence of cryptosporidiosis in 222 children with diarrhea was 18%, with marked temporal and geographic variation over the course of one rainy season. using data on the finding of oocysts of cryptosporidium parvum in urban water supplies, the areas under study were categorized as high or low risk. prevalence of cryptosporidiosis in children with diarrhea was higher in high risk areas after stratification by early/late stage of the rains (mantel ...19989749640
intestinal and systemic infection, hiv, and mortality in zambian children with persistent diarrhea and malnutrition.persistent diarrhea-malnutrition syndrome is a complex of infection and immune failure that involves protein, calorie and micronutrient depletion, and metabolic disturbances. we report an analysis of the impact of hiv infection on infectious disease, clinical presentation, and mortality in zambian children with persistent diarrhea and malnutrition.200111429515
intestinal parasites in zambian patients with aids.previous studies have found a high prevalence of isospora belli and cryptosporidium parvum infections in african acquired immune deficiency syndrome (aids) patients with chronic diarrhoea. we aimed to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasite in aids patients in hospital, not only those with diarrhoea, and to compare them with the general community. clinically diagnosed aids patients in a zambian teaching hospital were interviewed and examined, and stool specimens were studied for pa ...19921475829
enteropathy in zambians with hiv related diarrhoea: regression modelling of potential determinants of mucosal damage.aids is characterised by small intestinal mucosal damage, but its aetiopathogenesis is poorly understood. enteric infections in africa differ from those in northern countries, where protozoan infections have been associated with severe enteropathy in aids patients.19979462215
effect of nitazoxanide on morbidity and mortality in zambian children with cryptosporidiosis: a randomised controlled trial.cryptosporidiosis in children in developing countries causes persistent diarrhoea and malnutrition and is associated with increased mortality, but there is no effective treatment. we aimed to assess the effect of nitazoxanide-a new broad-spectrum antiparasitic drug-on morbidity and mortality in zambian children with diarrhoea due to cryptosporidium parvum.200212423984
cryptosporidiosis in adults in lusaka, zambia, and its relationship to oocyst contamination of drinking lusaka, where human immunodeficiency virus seroprevalence in young adults is approximately 25%, four townships were studied to establish the prevalence of persistent diarrhea in adults and the etiologic importance of cryptosporidiosis in adults with persistent diarrhea. cryptosporidium parvum oocyst contamination of urban water supplies was measured and the results used to categorize these populations into high or low exposure. in total, 506 adults were reported as having had diarrhea in the ...19979333182
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