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simultaneous multiple viral infections in childhood acute lower respiratory tract infections in southern taiwan.thirty paediatric patients with acute lower respiratory tract infections (alri) caused by simultaneous multiple viral infections (smv) in a 3-year interval were reviewed. twenty patients were infected with two viruses simultaneously; nine patients with three viruses; and one patient with four viruses. the frequency of individual viruses were: adenovirus, 18 (60 per cent); respiratory syncytial virus, 7 (23 per cent); influenza virus type a, 6 (20 per cent); influenza virus type b, 15 (50 per cen ...19989819497
enteric adenovirus infection in children in taipei.enteric adenoviruses (eads), including type 40 (ad40) and 41 (ad41), can cause acute and severe diarrhea in young children. to delineate the epidemiological features of pediatric eads infection in taiwan, we conducted a retrospective study of all cases of eads gastroenteritis in children treated at national taiwan university hospital for the period from july 1993 to december 1997. stool samples were tested for the presence of ad40 or ad41 by enzyme immunoassay (eia). a total of 64 cases of eads ...200011045381
respiratory viral infections among pediatric inpatients and outpatients in taiwan from 1997 to 1999.the present study examined the association of specific virus infections with acute respiratory tract conditions among hospitalized and outpatient children in a subtropical country. a total of 2,295 virus infections were detected in 6,986 patients between 1997 and 1999, including infections caused by respiratory syncytial virus (rsv) (1.7%), parainfluenza virus (2.0%), influenza b virus (2.6%), adenovirus (4.0%), herpes simplex virus type 1 (4. 4%), influenza a virus (5.5%), and enterovirus (12.7 ...200111136758
epidemiology of respiratory syncytial virus infection among paediatric inpatients in northern taiwan. 200111585085
surveillance of respiratory viral infections among pediatric outpatients in northern taiwan.viruses are a frequent cause of upper respiratory tract infections in children. like taiwan, there were few virological surveillance systems for respiratory viral infections among children in developing countries.200415072759
epidemiology of respiratory syncytial virus in children with lower respiratory tract infection.respiratory syncytial virus (rsv) is the most frequent pathogen found in hospitalized young children with lower respiratory tract infection, and the virus is distributed worldwide. respiratory distress and respiratory failure are caused by rsv in some severe cases. its appearance always varies every year and depends on differences of latitudes, altitudes and climates. the purpose of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of hospitalized children from a hospital located in northern taiwan ...200516302582
human metapneumovirus infection among children in taiwan: a comparison of clinical manifestations with other virus-associated respiratory tract infections.this study compared the clinical, laboratory and radiological features of infections caused by human metapneumovirus (hmpv) with other respiratory viruses. nasopharyngeal aspirates and throat swabs were obtained from children during a 9-week period. hmpv was the virus isolated most frequently, followed by adenovirus, influenza virus a, respiratory syncytial virus and influenza virus b. hmpv-infected children were younger, and were more likely to be female, to present with feeding difficulties, a ...200617121629
detection of human metapneumovirus in hospitalized children with acute respiratory tract infection using real-time rt-pcr in a hospital in northern taiwan.human metapneumovirus (hmpv) is a newly discovered respiratory pathogen. this prospective hospital-based study investigated the clinical role and features of hmpv in taiwan.200717282966
epidemiology of respiratory syncytial virus infection in northern taiwan, 2001-2005 -- seasonality, clinical characteristics, and disease burden.respiratory syncytial virus (rsv) is an important pathogen in children less than 2 years old. however, there is limited epidemiological data about rsv infection in taiwan. this study aimed to investigate the clinical, epidemiological, virological, and economical aspects of rsv infections in taiwan.200717712463
ribavirin for respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis reduced the risk of asthma and allergen sensitization.respiratory syncytial virus (rsv) bronchiolitis in early life is a risk factor for later development of asthma and atopy. ribavirin is the only effective drug currently available against acute rsv bronchiolitis. however, the long-term effects of ribavirin remain unclear. we investigated a cohort of children hospitalized with rsv bronchiolitis from when they were under 2 yr old until they reached a mean age of 6.2 yr. in total, we enrolled 175 children in this study. both the group treated with r ...200818257904
influenza-associated morbidity in subtropical taiwan.the purpose of this study was to assess the characteristics of influenza-associated morbidity in subtropical taiwan, corresponding to the seasonal patterns, weather, and co-circulation of influenza (sub)types, and other respiratory viruses, where the burden of influenza is poorly quantified.200919111494
an unusual respiratory syncytial virus nosocomial outbreak in an adult psychiatry ward.herein we report our experience in containing an outbreak of nosocomial respiratory syncytial virus (rsv) infection in a psychiatric ward in central taiwan during a non-widespread rsv seasonal occurrence. a total of 8 patients and 4 healthcare workers in the psychiatric ward developed febrile illness or upper respiratory tract infection symptoms between august 23 and 29, 2005. rsv was identified by either viral culture or reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (rt-pcr) assay. rsv was is ...200919168963
viral etiology of acute lower respiratory tract infections in hospitalized young children in northern taiwan.lower respiratory tract infections (lrtis) comprise a great proportion of diagnoses among hospitalized children. this study identifies the viral pathogens causing lrtis in young children and compares their clinical features and disease severity.201121524612
are empiric antibiotics for acute exudative tonsillitis needed in children?background: empiric antibiotics are frequently given for children with acute exudative tonsillitis. a few studies have investigated the causative agent of acute "exudative" tonsillitis in children to evaluate the necessity of antibiotic therapy. this study tried to explore the common causative agent of acute exudative tonsillitis among children. methods: from april 2009 to march 2010, throat swabs were obtained and cultured for viruses and bacteria from children who visited the pediatric emergen ...201121524968
epidemiological study of hospitalization associated with respiratory syncytial virus infection in taiwanese children between 2004 and 2007.respiratory syncytial virus (rsv) is the leading cause of hospitalization in young children. the population-based burden of rsv hospitalization and the effect of potential risk factors on the severity of illness were evaluated in taiwanese children.201121741007
molecular viral epidemiology and clinical characterization of acute febrile respiratory infections in hospitalized children in taiwan.acute respiratory infection (ari) is a leading cause of morbidity and hospitalization in children. to profile the viruses causing ari in children admitted to a community-based hospital in central taiwan, a cross-sectional study was conducted on children under 14 years of age that were hospitalized with febrile ari. viral etiology was determined using conventional cell culture and a commercial respiratory virus panel fast assay (xtag rvp), capable of detecting 19 different respiratory viruses and ...201526089293
viral respiratory tract infections in adult patients attending outpatient and emergency departments, taiwan, 2012-2013: a pcr/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry study.viral etiologies of respiratory tract infections (rtis) have been less studied in adult than in pediatric populations. furthermore, the ability of pcr/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (pcr/esi-ms) to detect enteroviruses and rhinoviruses in respiratory samples has not been well evaluated. we sought to use pcr/esi-ms to comprehensively investigate the viral epidemiology of adult rtis, including testing for rhinoviruses and enteroviruses. nasopharyngeal or throat swabs from 267 adults wit ...201526402811
viral etiology of bronchiolitis among pediatric inpatients in northern taiwan with emphasis on newly identified respiratory viruses.viral etiology of bronchiolitis in children in taiwan has been fragmentary. we conducted a prospective study to figure out the viral epidemiology of bronchiolitis in taiwan.201423040235
molecular epidemiology and phylodynamics of the human respiratory syncytial virus fusion protein in northern taiwan.the glycoprotein (g protein) and fusion protein (f protein) of respiratory syncytial virus (rsv) both show genetic variability, but few studies have examined the f protein gene. this study aimed to characterize the molecular epidemiology and phylodynamics of the f protein gene in clinical rsv strains isolated in northern taiwan from 2000-2011.201323734183
prolonged seasonality of respiratory syncytial virus infection among preterm infants in a subtropical climate.there is limited epidemiological data on the seasonality of respiratory syncytial virus (rsv) infection in subtropical climates, such as in taiwan. this study aimed to assess rsv seasonality among children ≤24 months of age in taiwan. we also assessed factors (gestational age [ga], chronologic age [ca], and bronchopulmonary dysplasia [bpd]) associated with rsv-associated hospitalization in preterm infants to confirm the appropriateness of the novel taiwanese rsv prophylactic policy.201425333346
risk of respiratory syncytial virus infection in cyanotic congenital heart disease in a subtropical area.to compare the risk of respiratory syncytial virus (rsv)-associated hospitalization and analyze the epidemiology of rsv infection in patients with cyanotic and acyanotic congenital heart disease (chd), we analyzed the nationwide health insurance database from 2005-2010.201626822618
correlation of symptomatic enterovirus infection and later risk of allergic diseases via a population-based cohort study.infants who are exposed to the rhinovirus or respiratory syncytial virus are at a higher risk of subsequently developing wheezing or asthma. this study aims to determine whether preschoolers with a history of symptomatic enterovirus infection are at an increased risk of developing allergic diseases or not.we used data from the taiwan national health insurance research database from 1999 to 2006 for this nationwide population-based cohort study. the subsequent risks for allergic diseases, which i ...201728121929
risk factors associated with death in patients with severe respiratory syncytial virus infection.respiratory syncytial virus (rsv) infection is an important cause of viral respiratory tract infection in children. this retrospective study describes the clinical characteristics of severe rsv infection and determines the risk factors for death.201625442868
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