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viral respiratory infections at the hajj: comparison between uk and saudi pilgrims.a high incidence of respiratory infection, including influenza, has been reported at the hajj in mecca, saudi arabia. reported rates of influenza have been higher among uk than among domestic pilgrims, but this could be explained by methodological differences among studies. accordingly, the present study compared the frequencies of respiratory viruses among uk and saudi pilgrims using the same study design. pilgrims with upper respiratory tract symptoms were recruited from mecca and the neighbou ...200818373688
the potential for pneumococcal vaccination in hajj pilgrims: expert opinion.hajj is the annual pilgrimage to mecca in the kingdom of saudi arabia, and is one of the largest mass gathering events in the world. acute respiratory tract infections are very common during hajj, primarily as a result of close contact among pilgrims, intense congestion, shared accommodation and air pollution. a number of vaccines are (or have been) recommended for hajj pilgrims in recent years. several additional vaccines could significantly reduce the morbidity and mortality at hajj and should ...201323810307
the prevalance of respiratory viruses among healthcare workers serving pilgrims in makkah during the 2009 influenza a (h1n1) pandemic.despite the high risk of acquiring respiratory infections, healthcare workers who treat pilgrims at hajj have not been studied in previous research on respiratory diseases during hajj. the objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of different respiratory viruses among healthcare workers who treated pilgrims during hajj 2009, the year of the influenza a h1n1 pandemic. a cross-sectional study was performed just before and after hajj (25-29 november, 2009). nasal and throat swabs wer ...201122197024
influenza a common viral infection among hajj pilgrims: time for routine surveillance and vaccination.the annual hajj pilgrimage to mecca, saudi arabia brings over two million people to a small confined area. respiratory tract infection is the most common disease transmitted during this period. for most of the etiologic agents of upper respiratory tract infections, no vaccine or prophylaxis is available, except for influenza. yearly influenza vaccination of high-risk groups is recommended, but no special recommendations are available for those performing the hajj or other similar large congregat ...200415109471
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