seroepidemiological evidence for the possible presence of babesia (theileria) equi and babesia caballi infections in donkeys in western xinjiang, china.the prevalence of babesia (theileria) equi and b. caballi infections in donkeys in western xinjiang china was investigated. in total, 93 serum samples were randomly taken from donkeys in the kashi and ili areas, and examined for b. equi and b. caballi infections by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays using recombinant antigens. of the 93 samples, 9 (9.6%) and 36 (38.7%) samples were positive for b. equi infection and b. caballi infection, respectively. in addition, 2 (2.2%) samples were positive ...200616891793
serological reports of human infections of h7 and h9 avian influenza viruses in northern china.h7 and h9 subtype avian influenza viruses pose a similar threat to humans as h5 virus.200919186101
isolation and genetic characterization of h3n8 equine influenza virus from donkeys in china.during the 2007 outbreak of equine influenza (eiv) in china, an influenza virus designated a/donkey/xinjiang/5/2007 (donkey/xinjiang/2007) was isolated from a symptomatic donkey in xinjiang uygur autonomous region, china. to analyze the genetic evolution of the new isolate, the hemagglutinin (ha) gene of donkey/xinjiang/2007 was amplified and sequenced. sequence alignment, prediction of glycosylation sites and phylogenetic analysis of the ha1 protein of donkey/xinjiang/2007 showed most similarit ...201020153940
population genetic structure of gasterophilus pecorum in the kalamaili nature reserve, xinjiang, based on mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase (coi) gene sequence.gasterophilosis is a significant threat to equids in the desert steppe of xinjiang, china, where gasterophilus pecorum (fabricius) (diptera: gasterophilidae) is the dominant botfly species. a population analysis was conducted on 195 individual g. pecorum larvae from three host species, przewalski's horse, the domestic horse and the asiatic wild ass. the distribution of haplotypes of the maternally inherited mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit i (coi) gene was analysed to assess the populati ...201425171609
the incidence and species composition of gasterophilus (diptera, gasterophilidae) causing equine myiasis in northern xinjiang, china.a survey was conducted on the detection of the larval gasterophilus species in 90 equines via necropsy or after administering oral ivermectin in xinjian, china, from 2008 to 2013. all 90 (100%) equines were infested by larval gasterophilus, and 3723second instar larvae (l2) and 63,778 third instar larvae (l3) were collected from faecal samples and the digestive tract, a ratio of l2:l3=1:17. over 84.45% of the animals contained ≤1500 larvae and 7.78% had >2000 larvae. the highest totals of l2 and ...201626827858
radiocarbon-dated archaeological record of early first millennium b.c. mounted pastoralists in the kunlun mountains, china.pastoral nomadism, as a successful economic and social system drawing on mobile herding, long-distance trade, and cavalry warfare, affected all polities of the eurasian continent. the role that arid inner asia, particularly the areas of northwestern china, kazakhstan, and mongolia, played in the emergence of this phenomenon remains a fundamental and still challenging question in prehistoric archaeology of the eurasian steppes. the cemetery of liushiu (xinjiang, china) reveals burial features, br ...201121911387
seroprevalence of borna disease virus in domestic animals in xinjiang, investigate the animals infected with borna disease virus (bdv) in xinjiang, china, we examined for bdv antibodies in the sera from groups of 20 horses, sheep and cattle, and from 165 wild rodents (18 species) by elisa and immunoblot. the serological study disclosed the presence of antibodies to both bdv-p24 and -p40 in the horses (20%) and sheep (25%), whereas no apparent positive reaction was detected either in cattle or rodents. the results suggested that bdv is prevalent in horses and she ...200111348775
horse-mounted invaders from the russo-kazakh steppe or agricultural colonists from western central asia? a craniometric investigation of the bronze age settlement of xinjiang.numerous bronze age cemeteries in the oases surrounding the täklamakan desert of the tarim basin in the xinjiang uyghur autonomous region, western china, have yielded both mummified and skeletal human remains. a dearth of local antecedents, coupled with woolen textiles and the apparent western physical appearance of the population, raised questions as to where these people came from. two hypotheses have been offered by archaeologists to account for the origins of bronze age populations of the ta ...200415197817
diagnosis of equine piroplasmosis in xinjiang province of china by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays using recombinant antigens.the prevalence of equine piroplasmosis in xinjiang province, china, was examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (elisas). a total of 70 serum samples were taken from horses pastured on three farms in western xinjiang, and examined for diagnosis of equine babesia equi (b. equi) infection and b. caballi infection by elisas using recombinant equi merozoite antigen 1 (ema-1) and recombinant p48 antigen, respectively. of the 70 samples, 28 (40.0%) and 17 (24.3%) samples were positive for b. eq ...200212208045
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