TitleAbstractYear(sorted ascending)
a preliminary investigation of photosensitization in scottish sheep. 196414105239
the epidemiology of louping ill in ayrshire: the first year of studies in sheep. 196414128320
nitrogenous constituents of serum and urine in normal and scrapie sheep. 196514281671
isolation of ovine strains of parainfluenza virus serologically related to type 3. 19664291390
a serological examination of scottish strains of louping ill and their relation to other members of the complex. 19664964505
the isolation of a haemolytic neisseria from cattle and sheep in the north of scotland. 19665948840
observations on the development of periodontal disease in hill sheep and the effect of selenium injections. 19685689041
studies on the epidemiology of ovine fasciolosis in scotland. 19685753139
brucellosis in sheep. 19695812825
epidemiological studies on salmonella senftenberg. ii. infections in farm animals. 19695278164
a survey of sheep sera for antibodies to an ovine strain of parainfluenza 3 virus. 19694309313
salmonellosis in man and animals in n.e. scotland. a ten year review--1959-1968. 19705461451
the reproductive efficiency of british breeds of sheep in an equatorial environment. 19705529154
variation in carrier rates of pasteurella haemolytica in sheep flocks. i. normal flocks. 19705531124
osteodystrophic diseases of sheep. iv. osteomalacia and osteoporosis in lactating ewes on west scotland hill farms. 19705531125
q fever in north-east scotland. 19704098056
a clinical study of ram infertilities in scotland. 19714397728
the epidemiology of louping ill in ayrshire, scotland. ii. ectoparasites of small mammals (ixodidae). 19715163209
seasonal variations in ovine urinary constituents, with special reference to ph and potassium concentration. 19715577426
bracken retinopathy in sheep. 19724515549
factors involved in middle ear infection (otitis media) in lambs. 19725079245
studies of serological reactions in ovine toxoplasmosis encountered in intensively-bred sheep. 19724652151
the rut and the occurrence of oestrus in the soay sheep on st kilda. 19734522395
porcine and ovine lymphosarcoma: a review. 19734574189
an epidemiological survey of infectious necrotic hepatitis (black disease) of sheep in southern scotland. 19734591586
the effects of nutrition and rainfall at the time of mating on the reproductive performance of ewes. 19734522378
the prophylaxis of ovine fascioliasis by the strategic use of rafoxanide. 19734693386
a further study of the epidemiology of ovine fascioliasis in scotland and its control using molluscicide. 19734721938
type ii ostertagiasis in housed sheep. 19734772560
the effect of premating stress on the onset of oestrus and on ovulation rate in scottish blackface ewes. 19734796187
observations on the control of nematodes in housed young female sheep. 19744816770
a new adenovirus from sheep. 19744138913
isolation of y. pseudotuberculosis from a foal. 19744819707
red foot disease of lambs. 19744819708
the recovery of pasteurella haemolytica from the tonsils of adult sheep. 19744445591
proceedings: ecology and control of headflies attacking sheep in the west of scotland. 19744419360
causes of mortality among young scottish blackface lambs. 19744615429
louping-ill virus in red grouse in scotland. 19744375344
maternal and lateral transmission of scrapie in sheep. 19744212154
host-pathogen interactions in scrapie.there are many strains of the agent which causes scrapie and these can be used singly or given as mixed infections to investigate the ways in which agent and host control mechanisms interact during the pathogenesis of the disease. two genes in mice are described; one only affects the kinetics of the disease when extraneural injections are used, the other acts irrespective of the route of injection and it is suggested that it determines the structure of a multimeric agent-replication site, the nu ...1975807505
procedures for large-scale antiserum production in sheep.the increased cost of maintaining and purchasing small laboratory animals used in the production of large quantities of antiserum resulted in a search for a more suitable animal. this paper describes the procedures used to raise antisera in scottish mountain sheep.1975807656
an outbreak of c welchii type c enterotoxaemia in young lambs in south west scotland. 1975164082
studies in scottish hill sheep. i. changes in the susceptibility of the breeding ewe to ostertagia spp. 19751168661
seasonal variations in the gastro-intestinal nematode populations of scottish hil each of two consecutive years, groups of breeding ewes were removed from a hill farm in the west of scotland on four occasions, namely late pregnancy, early lactation, autumn and early winter. at slaughter the major nematode genus present in the alimentary tract was ostertagia, with o circumcincta the predominant species but three species previously found in scottish hill sheep, bunostomum trigonocephalum, strongyloides papillosis and chabertia ovina were absent. an absolute increase in total ...19751144923
studies in scottish hill sheep. i. changes in the susceptibility of the lamb to ostertagia spp. 19751141463
editorial: deer more profitable than sheep? 19751136124
william ford robertson (1867-1923): his study of neuroglia. 19751102820
epidemiological studies on nematodirus species in sheep.faecal egg count and pasture larval studies on n battus and n filicollis in lambs showed distinct differences in epidemiology, the infective larvae of n battus hatching over a short restricted period in spring, whereas those of n filicollis show an extended period of hatching, beginning in autumn and increasing steadily through the winter to reach a spring peak. this difference was considered to be responsible for the much slower annual rate of increase recorded for n filicollis. pasture infecti ...19751215676
a study of the application of the stormont "wet day" fluke forecasting system in scotland. 19751148813
liver fluke in great britain: a survey of affected livers.over a period of 15 months data were collected from abattoirs in great britain on 213,082 cattle and 362,838 sheep livers to determine the distribution and prevalence of damage by fasciola hepatica. the stock came from 8239 farms, and from livestock markets in 81 counties. 53 per cent of the farms had sent affected stock, with significant percentages in eastern as well as the western counties of england and scotland. 21 per cent of all cattle and 7 per cent of all sheep livers examined were affe ...19751202744
an investigation into dystocia in a south country cheviot abnormally high incidence of dystocia was encountered in the south country cheviot flock at the hill farming research organisation's research station at sourhope, yetholm, roxburghshire over the past four years, 1970 to 1973. lambing records were only available for 1972 and 1973 for sourhope ewes and gimmers of all breeds and showed the following: (see article) this meant that in terms of attention and vigilance, a high shepherding input was necessary with the south country cheviot flock. int ...19751202743
brucellosis in animals. 1976941009
brucella abortus infection in sheep. i. field case. 1976816418
an outbreak of s typhimurium in sheep and its outbreak of salmonella typhimurium in an upland sheep flock was characterised by rapid spread and heavy mortalities in ewes and young lambs. clinical signs included diarrhoea and abortion. abomasitis was the most striking and consistent post mortem lesion. vaccination was the only control method that was apparently successful. infection also occurred in the cattle, farm personnel, and a dog. following the outbreak, pasture contamination and excreting cattle provided a reservoir of infection s ...1976769302
studies on the epidemiology of dictyocaulus filaria infection in blackface sheep on a low-ground scottish farm.the excretion of dictyocaulus filaria larvae in the faeces of blackface sheep on a heavily stocked lowland farm in south east scotland, showed considerable individual, week to week and year to year variation. patent infections were first observed in lambs in may or june but the heaviest and most prevalent infections occurred in the autumn. infection levels were generally low but infections tended to be prolonged and reinfection occurred following anthelmintic treatment until the late autumn or w ...1977146903
antibodies to ovine adenoviruses in sheep in scotland. 1977415407
a five-year study of the epidemiology of fascioliasis in the north, east and west of scotland. 1977608065
a study of a strategic dosing programme against ovine fascioliasis on a hill a farm-scale veterinary preventive programme run from 1973 to 1976 the use of rafoxanide (flukanide; merck sharp & dohme) in the prophylaxis of ovine fascioliasis resulted in a marked reduction in the percentage of ewes passing fluke eggs in the faeces and an absence of clinical cases of fascioliasis throughout these years. three separate flocks of hill sheep were used in this study in which the aim of the dosing programme followed was to kill the majority of liver flukes (fasciola hepatica) ...1977878250
a survey of rotaviruses in sheep in scotland. 1977867760
studies of louping-ill virus (flavivirus group) in wild red grouse (lagopus lagopus scoticus).studies were made to find evidence of louping-ill virus infection in free-living red grouse and relate this to their breeding success. in areas where ticks were abundant 61 (84%) adult grouse had antibody to the virus compared with 1 (10%) in areas where ticks were relatively scarce. of 162 chicks tested 25 were shown to be viraemic. infected chicks were of significantly less weight than comparably aged uninfected birds and the probability that they died was much greater than that of uninfected ...1978212479
immunoglobulin concentrations in scottish blackface lambs on a hill farm.the serum immunoglobulin concentration in one- to 11-day-old scottish blackface lambs born outdoors on a hill farm were very similar to those in scottish blackface lambs born indoors on an experimental lowland farm. the concentrations were significantly higher in single lambs than in twins, and in lambs which survived for six months than in lambs which died, and showed significant annual variations which could not be related to the weather. they were significantly correlated with the ages of the ...1978653126
headfly damage in argyll and central scotland. 1978654043
a study of the effects of copper deficiency in scottish blackface lambs on improved hill member of each pair of twin lambs from 37 five-and six-year-old scottish blackface ewes, grazing reseeded pasture suspected of causing a molybdenum-sulphur induced copper deficiency in sheep, was given an injection of 12.5 mg copper calcium edetate at about eight weeks of age. plasma copper concentrations of these lambs were maintained in the normal range by further injections of copper as required (treatment group). the remaining member of each twin pair received no copper therapy (control ...1979573017
field studies on enzootic abortion of ewes in south east scotland.statistical data were collected from 20 sheep flocks in which enzootic abortion of ewes (eae) was diagnosed by examination of fetal material and maternal blood samples. the abortion rate in the 10,645 ewes in these flocks was 7.6 per cent. thirteen of the flocks were fully vaccinated against eae but the abortion rate in these was still in the order of 6.5 per cent. eae was the major cause of the problem as ascertained from the laboratory examination of samples from a wide range of cases of abort ...1979552732
the biological selenium status of livestock in britain as indicated by sheep erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase activity.the reliability of erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase activity as an indicator of selenium status in livestock is discussed. based on this measurement, a survey is described of the biological selenium status of sheep on each of 329 farms in britain. results showed that 47 per cent of these farms were probably unable to provide grazing livestock with sufficient selenium to maintain blood levels greater than 0.075 microgram per ml. increased selenium deficiency from the increasing use of home grow ...1979473499
an accidental laboratory infection with trypanosomes of a defined stock. ii. studies on the serological response of the patient and the identity of the infecting organism. 19807185920
virus infections in cattle and sheep in scotland 1975-1978.over the four-year period 1975-78 attempts were made to identify virus in samples from 1231 outbreaks of disease in cattle, and 682 outbreaks of disease in sheep. a virus identification was possible in 26 per cent of these disease outbreaks. the nature and significance of these virus infections is discussed.19806244693
a survey of sheep losses and their causes on commercial farms in the north of scotland.a three year survey on sheep deaths and their causes was conducted on 10 commercial farms in the north of scotland. diseases and other trauma associated with the perinatal period accounted for 56.81% of all ewe deaths, while pneumonia, parasitic gastroenteritis, torsion of the bowel and haemorrhagic enteritis (redgut) accounted for a further 21.7%. no one disease condition predominated in the rams and hoggs. in lambs, most deaths occurred between birth and four days old (77.86%). causes came in ...19807361390
flies associated with cattle in south west scotland during the summer months.the sheep headfly, hydrotaea irritans, and morellia simplex were the species most frequently associated with cattle at pasture and comprised 69.01 per cent and 13.93 per cent, respectively, of the total fly collection made from grazing cattle. the most prevalent biting fly was haematobosca stimulans which comprised 4.46 per cent of the total catch. a few clegs, haematopota pluvialis, and horse flies, hybomitra distinguenda, were also recorded. a few of the headflies swarming around cattle entere ...19817244374
investigations on a babesia isolated from scottish sheep.the pathognomic, serologic and morphometric identity of a babesia sp. recently isolated from sheep in argyllshire was studied. initially, problems were encountered due to the occurrence of eperythrozoon ovis as a contaminant of the isolate and treatment with neoarsphenamine failed to remove it. finally, a combination of oxytetracycline therapy and rapid passage allowed isolation of the babesia sp. and its preservation in the form of a glycerolized, infected blood stabilate. inoculation of the st ...19817329723
copper poisoning in sheep from north ronaldsay maintained on a diet of terrestrial herbage.copper toxicity occurred in north ronaldsay sheep fed on a diet of terrestrial herbage relatively high in molybdenum. five sheep were taken from the island of north ronaldsay, orkney to the veterinary investigation centre at thurso and fed solely on the herbage of the laboratory paddocks, supplemented in winter by hay made from these paddocks. the level of copper, molybdenum, zinc and total sulphur in the terrestrial herbage was analysed, together with the seaweeds which form the major part of t ...19827147642
an outbreak of diarrhoea associated with cryptosporidiosis in naturally reared lambs. 19827186701
cysts of sarcocystis tenella in north ronaldsay sheep. 19836419441
role of enzootic abortion and toxoplasmosis in an outbreak of abortion in a scottish sheep flock.during 1978-79 there was an outbreak of abortion in a large sheep flock during which approximately 10 per cent of the breeding ewes aborted. both toxoplasma gondii and chlamydia ovis (the agent of enzootic abortion of ewes) were considered to be involved. in the year following this outbreak (1979-80), 156 ewes (11.4 per cent) aborted and the majority of cases were diagnosed as enzootic abortion: only one case showed gross pathology typical of toxoplasmosis. serology carried out on sera collected ...19836649377
warble infestation of sheep. 19836836895
the diagnosis, occurrence and distribution of sheep pulmonary adenomatosis in scotland 1975 to 1981. 19836839123
salmonella montevideo infection in sheep and cattle in scotland, 1970-81.outbreaks of abortion associated with infection by salmonella montevideo have affected sheep in the east, especially the south-east, of scotland each year since 1972. disease in the north and north-east was usually less severe. between 1 january 1970 and 31 december 1981, a total of 67 incidents affecting sheep were reported by veterinary laboratories to the communicable diseases (scotland) unit, 87% of which presented during the main lambing months of february, march and april. twenty-one episo ...19836833746
the herring gull larus argentatus as a likely transmitting agent of salmonella montevideo to sheep and cattle.this paper presents evidence for the involvement of herring gulls (larus argentatus) as vectors in the recent outbreaks of salmonella montevideo in sheep and cattle in scotland and suggests that the transfer can take place over considerable distances. the breeding area in scotland of herring gulls which overwinter in n.e. england is remarkably similar to the geographical distribution of the outbreaks. this pattern, together with the feeding behaviour of herring gulls on farmland, the presence of ...19836663059
outbreak of listeria meningoencephalitis in young outbreak of listeriosis occurred in five-week-old lambs in a flock of 200 dorset ewes and 240 lambs in-wintered. nine lambs were lost within a period of 10 days. no cases of stillbirth or abortion or cerebral listeriosis occurred in the ewes. silage had been fed on this farm to both cattle and sheep for 10 years without any previous problems. a description of the outbreak and the findings are reported.19836415890
autumn nematodiriasis. 19846523718
autumn nematodiriasis. 19846516192
assessment of ram fertility in hill flocks in argyll.examination of 1260 rams, involving 1540 semen examinations, revealed that 9 per cent of rams in hill flocks in argyll were subfertile as assessed by semen evaluation. although 34 lesions of the genitalia were identified, only 13 were associated with poor semen quality. a five year survey of one blackface flock resulted in the elimination, after three years, of a 17 per cent level of infertility following routine examination of all rams, with an increase of 2.27 per cent in the lamb crop. based ...19846464323
observations on watery mouth in newborn lambs. 19853995251
sheep histocompatibility antigens: a population level comparison between lymphocyte antigens previously defined in france, england and scotland, and sheep red cell groups.a comparison test was performed to look for correlations between the three nomenclature systems for sheep histocompatibility antigens which have been previously described in france, england and scotland. 187 french sheep from a wide variety of breeds were typed for lymphocyte antigens with antisera which detect the ola, p and ed series of antigens; they were also tested against 387 uncharacterized french antisera. six clusters of sera were found which showed correspondence between antigens of at ...19854003855
prolonged gestation in sheep in western scotland associated with diffuse neuronal necrosis of the fetal central nervous system.a specific disorder of sheep resulting in gestation periods extending up to eight months is reported for the first time. the condition, which is of low prevalence, occurs on hill farms in coastal regions of western scotland and affected ewes usually die unless relieved of their fetuses by surgery. the fetuses may weigh up to 12 kg and have long hairy coats, skeletal deformities, precocious gonadal development and extensive liquefaction of central nervous system tissue. the aetiology has not been ...19854049701
an epidemiological study of salmonella montevideo by biotyping.among 622 cultures of salmonella montevideo, 27 biotypes belonging to two biogroups were recognized. one biogroup (10di) was predominant in all animals in scotland but only in sheep in england and wales. the other (biogroup 2d) was responsible for almost all human, cattle and poultry infection in england and wales, but only 24% of human infection in scotland.19854020111
ovine listerial encephalitis: analysis, hypothesis and synthesis.analysis of field data suggested that listerial encephalitis in sheep was most common in winter and early spring in the age groups of sheep which would be cutting, changing and possibly losing teeth. it was hypothesised that under these conditions ingested listeria monocytogenes could reach the fine dental terminals of the trigeminal nerve causing an ascending neuritis and encephalitis. experimental inoculation of organisms into the dental pulp demonstrated the feasibility of this route of infec ...19854002594
epidemiology of nematodirus battus infection in eastern scotland.a field investigation was carried out from 1981 to 1983 on the prevalence of nematodirus battus under different systems of lowland sheep management. pasture larval counts, ewe and lamb worm egg counts, and tracer lamb worm counts were carried out. as expected, contamination was generally greater on permanent pasture than on new leys as measured by pasture larval counts and lamb worm egg counts. however significant contamination was also recorded on young grass fields for which alternate grazing ...19854001558
outbreak of posthitis in grazing wethers in scotland. 19853992856
serogroups of bacteroides nodosus isolated from ovine footrot in britain. 19853992861
observation of 110m ag in chernobyl fallout. 19863736660
some aspects of tick-borne diseases of british sheep.the significance of tick-borne fever (tbf) and other tick-borne diseases of british sheep are reviewed. experimental and field studies were carried out to clarify the role of tbf as a pathogen per se and as a predisposing factor in other diseases. experimental tbf infection caused anorexia and depression in two- to three-week-old lambs, which under the stress of a hill environment could alone be a cause of mortality. nine out of 10 lambs experimentally inoculated with staphylococcus aureus durin ...19863754669
incidence of rupture of the liver in neonatal lambs in the north of scotland. 19863487877
serological surveillance for maedi-visna virus and caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus in northern ireland.the results of serological testing for maedi-visna virus infection in indigenous and non-indigenous sheep in northern ireland, over a five year period (1980 to 1984) are presented. in tests carried out in 1980 and 1981 on pedigree breeds, 10 reactors were identified on seven farms and maedi-visna virus was isolated on three occasions from leucocyte cultures. none of the animals showed clinical signs of maedi-visna and all the reactors were subsequently destroyed. nine of the reactors were import ...19863010539
lean ewes and twin lamb disease common. 19863716121
less pasteurellosis in sheep. 19863716159
further investigations of a hydatid focus in north-west scotland.a serological survey carried out on 1379 school-children from skye and mallaig in the n.w. of scotland failed to show evidence of subclinical cases of hydatidosis. there appeared to be a relatively low level of exposure to the parasite, as judged by elisa and iha tests. thirty-one children reacted positively in the elisa; only one child had a transient positive result in the iha test. surveillance of these children will be continued for the present but the duration required is uncertain. the loc ...19863950391
border disease without nervous signs or fleece changes.a natural infection with border disease virus occurred in a flock on low ground in argyll in the spring of 1984. the outbreak was unusual in that the typical clinical signs of border disease, ie, tremor and, or, fleece changes were not present; manifestations of disease were restricted to abortion and the birth of small weak lambs. the disease was shown to have been introduced to the flock by four healthy ewes persistently infected with border disease virus among a group of 39 purchased in octob ...19873576934
ovine parvovirus infection in scottish sheep. 19872821669
occurrence and properties of fy(att25)+ escherichia coli associated with diarrhoea in calves.escherichia coli producing the adhesive antigen fy(att25) were isolated from 46 of 1341 (3.4 per cent) e coli isolated from calves on 20 of 164 (12.1 per cent) farms in scotland and england. twenty of the 46 calves had diarrhoea and in nine of these animals there were mixed infections with rotavirus, coronavirus, cryptosporidium and salmonella typhimurium. the f41 fimbrial adhesin was found on one of the fy(att25)+ e coli. this strain also produced heat stable enterotoxin. the remaining fy(att25 ...19872889286
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