relevance and treatment of coccidiosis in domestic pigeons (columba livia forma domestica) with particular emphasis on toltrazuril.coccidia are common pathogenic parasites in pigeons (columba livia). coccidiosis is most commonly seen in young pigeons and only rarely in adult birds. infections in domestic pigeons are typically mixed and commonly include eimeria columbarum and eimeria labbeana. the reported prevalence of infection is 5.1%-71.9%, and worldwide mortality in juvenile pigeons varies from 5% to 70%, with most deaths occurring in the third and fourth month of life. this article summarizes the life cycle of e. colum ...200919530399
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