PMID(sorted ascending)
[the antigenic structure of vibrions studied by means of agglutination and fluorescent antibodies].cross immunofluorescent and serological studies were made of strains of vibrio coli of different forms-a short, commashaped strain and other long, spiral-shaped and serpent-like strains isolated from swine. some standard strains of vibrio foetus were also included for comparison. an antigenic difference was established between vibrions of long and short forms, as well as the known difference between strains isolated from swine and those from cattle which can be established by means of immunofluo ...1975779698
[detection of vibrio coli in swine]. 19761021956
prevalence, biotypes, plasmid profile and antimicrobial resistance of campylobacter isolated from wild and domestic animals from northeast portugal.the incidence of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli in wild and producing animals has been studied to evaluate their importance as potential reservoirs of campylobacter infection. these organisms were isolated from: 59 chicken (60.2%), 65 swine (59.1%), 31 black rats (57.4%), 61 sparrows (45.5%), 21 ducks (40.5%), 32 cows (19.5%) and 27 sheep (15.3%). biotypes, plasmid and resistance profiles were studied in order to characterize the isolates. biotypes i and ii of c. jejuni were predomi ...19921429305
antibiotic susceptibility patterns and plasmid profile of helicobacter isolates from nigeria.antibiotic susceptibility testing and plasmid screening of 50 local isolates of campylobacter coli and campylobacter jejuni were done. all isolates were sensitive to ofloxacin but were resistant to ampicillin, cloxacillin, penicillin, streptomycin and aztreonam. a large number of isolates were sensitive to nalidixic acid (96%), ceftriaxone (96%) and chloramphenicol (86%). it is noteworthy that nine (18%) of the isolates were resistant to each of erythromycin, 15 (30%) were found to harbour plasm ...19921476963
[occurrence of campylobacter coli in a central boar breeding facility in thuringia].investigating the cause of an outbreak of mild diarrhoea in a boar rearing unit with about 750 animals, c. coli was found in all diseased animals, i.e. it was isolated from the intestines of culled boars and from faeces samples; often the amount of c. coli was very high. the intragastric application of c. coli to 5 weaning pigs (about 35 kg) resulted in the shedding of large numbers of c. coli via the faeces at days 3 and 5 post infectionem only. the development of the animals was undisturbed du ...19921575669
immuno-histochemical and -cytochemical evidence suggesting the presence of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli in cases of porcine intestinal adenomatosis.antisera against a number of campylobacter species were used in immuno-histochemical and -cytochemical studies on cases of porcine intestinal adenomatosis. avidin-biotin-complex (abc) and streptavidin immunoperoxidase methods were used on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded and frozen sections. protein a gold method was used on formaldehyde fixed and frozen sections for immuno-cytochemistry. the antisera used were raised in rabbits by subcutaneous or intravenous injection of living or formalin tre ...19902099622
nucleotide sequence analysis of tetracycline resistance gene teto from streptococcus mutans dl5.streptococcus mutans dl5, isolated from the dental plaque of a pig, was resistant to high levels of streptomycin (sm, 20 mg/ml), erythromycin (em, 1 mg/ml), and tetracycline (tc, greater than 100 micrograms/ml), but contained no detectable plasmid dna. the smr and emr determinants were cloned from cellular dna on the self-replicating 5-kilobase-pair (kbp) ecori fragment of pam beta 1 and the 4.2-kbp cryptic plasmid pva380-1, respectively, by transformation of streptococcus sanguis challis. helpe ...19882841293
adherence of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli to porcine intestinal brush border membranes.the adhesion of campylobacter jejuni and c. coli to isolated porcine intestinal brush border membranes was studied by phase-contrast and electron microscopy. approximately 45% of the cell population adhered to the brush borders, possibly in a specific manner. pretreatment of the brush borders with trypsin or pronase, and competitive inhibition with l-rhamnose caused a slight reduction of the adhesion. different forms of pretreatment of the bacterial cells reduced their ability to adhere, but als ...19883046640
[survey for the contamination of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli among raw meat and the environment of poultry processing plants]. 19883137280
serovars and biovars of campylobacter strains isolated from humans and slaughterhouse animals in northern germany.a total of 318 campylobacter strains from sporadic cases of human enteritis (109 strains) and healthy slaughterhouse animals in northern germany (209 strains) were bio- and serotyped according to the lior typing schemes. three hundred strains were typable (94.3%) and 38 serovars were identified. among human strains 28 serovars were identified with 30% of them belonging to serovar 4. strains from pigs were associated with 25 serovars, the most frequent being serovar 20 (21.2%). fourteen serovars ...19883372398
[animal experiments with campylobacter coli using suckling pigs]. 19883395182
[isolation of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli in fecal samples of healthy slaughter swine depending on the season]. 19853976311
in vitro activities of 47 antimicrobial agents against three campylobacter spp. from pigs.the in vitro activities of 47 antimicrobial agents against 30 isolates of campylobacter species from pigs were determined by the agar dilution technique. the isolates were obtained from pigs with proliferative enteritis and included 10 strains each of campylobacter coli, campylobacter sputorum subsp. mucosalis, and "campylobacter hyointestinalis gebhart et al." (this name is not on the approved lists). carbadox, furazolidone, nitrofurantoin, gentamicin, and dimetridazole were the most active dru ...19853985597
pathogenicity of vibrio coli for swine. ii. experimental infection of conventional pigs with vibrio coli.the pathogenicity of v. coli for conventional swine was studied by inoculating pigs with cultures of v. coli and v. coli infected gut of gnotobiotic pigs. thus, six conventional pigs were inoculated with strains of v. coli freshly isolated from infected gnotobiotic pigs. the cultures were grown in simulated sows milk, and added to the feed. two other groups, of three pigs each, were infected by administration of minced intestine from two gnotobiotic pigs, heavily infected with the organism. vibr ...19684234783
a method of isolating vibrio coli from pigs. 19694894006
[experiments on the electron microscopic differentiation of vibrio fetus, vibrio bubulus, vibrio coli and vibrio metschnikovi]. 19655881830
swine dysentery: protection against experimental challenge following single dose parenteral immunisation with inactivated treponema hyodysenteriae.groups of five pigs were vaccinated at three to four weeks old with either formolised treponema hyodysenteriae in oil adjuvant alone, formolised t hyodysenteriae in oil adjuvant plus formolised campylobacter coli in oil adjuvant, or sterile medium in oil adjuvant (as a control). each group was challenged four weeks after vaccination by oral dosing on two consecutive occasions with pure cultures of the homologous strain of t hyodysenteriae plus direct contact with two pigs exhibiting severe swine ...19836635345
diffusion of thermophilic campylobacter in the pesaro-urbino area (italy) from 1985 to 1992.the results of research on the spreading of campylobacter in the pesaro-urbino area carried out from 1985 to 1992 are presented. materials of different origin were examined: 822 samples of human faeces, 533 animal rectal swabs, 192 samples of domestic sewage, 48 of river water, 96 of sea water and 632 of various types of food. two hundred and nine strains of campylobacter were isolated (9%), most of which were campylobacter jejuni (80%), with particular frequency in food products (chicken carcas ...19957489778
high-resolution genotyping of campylobacter coli identifies clones of epidemiologic and evolutionary significance.campylobacter coli strains from clinical and other sources were examined in terms of o (heat-stabile; hs) serotype and by several molecular typing techniques. restriction fragment length polymorphism (rflp) around the three 16s rrna genes revealed 10 variants, none found in campylobacter jejuni. rflp analysis of a polymerase chain reaction amplicon generated from the flagellin gene (flaa) yielded 11 polymorphism groups, some of them linked to hs serotypes. enlarged flaa genes, contributing three ...19957561196
prevalence of campylobacter in pigs during fattening; an epidemiological study.numerous epidemiological reports implicate foods of animal origin as vehicles of human campylobacteriosis. pigs are probably an important reservoir of campylobacter and a potential source of human infection. in order to improve our knowledge of the epidemiology of campylobacter in pigs, the prevalence of campylobacter and its contamination of feed were monitored in eight pig farms. faeces samples of pigs aged 11 and 22 weeks, and samples of rectal, ileal and gastric content at a slaughterhouse w ...19937907195
helicobacter acinonyx sp. nov., isolated from cheetahs with gastritis.four strains of a novel helicobacter species were isolated from the stomachs of cheetahs (acinonyx jubilatus) with gastritis. these isolates were phenotypically similar to helicobacter pylori. the isolates were gram-negative, spiral bacteria which grew under microaerophilic conditions at 37 degrees c, but not at 25 or 42 degrees c, and produced urease, catalase, oxidase, alkaline phosphatase, and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase. the isolates did not ferment glucose, mannitol, inositol, sorbitol, r ...19938379970
antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of thermophilic campylobacter spp. from humans, pigs, cattle, and broilers in denmark.the mics of 16 antimicrobial agents were determined for 202 campylobacter jejuni isolates, 123 campylobacter coli isolates, and 6 campylobacter lari isolates from humans and food animals in denmark. the c. jejuni isolates originated from humans (75), broilers (95), cattle (29), and pigs (3); the c. coli isolates originated from humans (7), broilers (17), and pigs (99); and the c. lari isolates originated from broilers (5) and cattle (1). all isolates were susceptible to apramycin, neomycin, and ...19979333055
identification of thermophilic campylobacter spp. by phenotypic and molecular methods.the differences between phenotyping and genotyping (polymerase chain reaction- restriction fragment length polymorphism) of campylobacter jejuni, campylobacter coli, campylobacter lari and campylobacter upsaliensis were assessed.200111298244
antimicrobial susceptibilities of campylobacter strains isolated from food animals in belgium.campylobacter spp. are a frequent cause of diarrhoea in man, originating mostly from poultry. it has been suggested that the veterinary use of antibiotics is largely responsible for resistance in human isolates, particularly to quinolones. during a 6 month period from june to december 1998, 677 campylobacter isolates were obtained from healthy poultry and pigs. samples were taken at belgian slaughterhouses. species identification was performed by biochemical tests, multiplex pcr and sds-page of ...200111481294
differentiation of campylobacter species by aflp fingerprinting.the fluorescent amplified fragment length polymorphism (aflp) fingerprinting method was tested for its ability to identify and subtype the most important campylobacter species found in veterinary infections. sixty-nine reference strains and 19 clinical isolates of campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni, campylobacter jejuni subsp. doylei, campylobacter upsaliensis, campylobacter coli, campylobacter lari, campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus, c. fetus subsp. venerealis, campylobacter hyointestinalis subs ...200111577152
antimicrobial resistance and plasmid profiles of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli from human and animal sources.the purpose of this study was to determine the susceptibility of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli isolates to antimicrobial agents and to investigate the presence of plasmid dna.200211849513
cecal colonization of chicks by porcine strains of campylobacter coli.ten genotypically distinct strains of campylobacter coli were isolated from a swine production facility. these porcine isolates were then orally inoculated into day-of-hatch leghorn chicks and were excellent colonizers of the chick cecum. campylobacter coli recovered from inoculated chickens were genotypically identical to the challenge strain. the absence of host specificity suggests a possible movement of strains among swine, field animals and birds, and poultry houses.200212061661
campylobacter coli pulsed field gel electrophoresis genotypic diversity among sows and piglets in a farrowing barn.genotypes of campylobacter coli isolates from feces of three sows and rectal swabs of 17 piglets were examined by pulsed field gel electrophoresis (pfge). all of the animals originated from a single farrowing barn of a farrow-to-finish swine operation. five campylobacter colonies were picked from a single agar plate for each sample after broth enrichment and growth on campy-cefex agar. genotypes were examined by pfge after genomic dna digestion with smai and sacii restriction endonucleases. twen ...200212070692
[some differences on biological characteristics of campylobacter jejuni].fecal samples from 195 diarrheic patients in different age, rectal and cloacal swabs from 656 normal and diarrheic animals and poultry, 108 visceral materials from the dead animals with diarrhoea were cultured for compylobacter jejuni. a total of 458 strains of campylobacters (445 strains of c. jejuni, 13 strains of c. coli) were isolated and identified, and some biological characteristics of these strains were observed. lior's biotyping scheme was used for biotyping 354 strains of campylobacter ...200012548753
pcr detection of seven virulence and toxin genes of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli isolates from danish pigs and cattle and cytolethal distending toxin production of the study the prevalence of seven virulence and toxin genes, and cytolethal distending toxin (cdt) production of campylobacter jejuni and c. coli isolates from danish pigs and cattle.200312752808
comparison of eight phenotypic methods for subspecies characterization of thermophilic campylobacter spp. isolated from pig liver.four hundred pork livers from bacon pigs (37 herds) obtained at six pig-processing plants were studied to assess the campylobacter contamination rate. deep tissue areas were sampled immediately after evisceration. approximately 6% of livers were infected with campylobacter spp., including campylobacter coli (67%), campylobacter jejuni (30%), and campylobacter lari (3%). the 60 resulting isolates (39 c. coli isolates, 19 c. jejuni isolates, and 2 c. lari isolates) employed in this study were char ...200312801013
prevalence of multiple antibiotic resistance in 443 campylobacter spp. isolated from humans and view of recent findings that a multidrug efflux pump cmeabc exists in campylobacter jejuni, 391 c. jejuni and 52 campylobacter coli of human and animal origin were examined for a multidrug resistance phenotype.200312917241
comparison of human and porcine strains of campylobacter coli. 200312930063
disinfectant susceptibility testing of avian and swine campylobacter isolates by a filtration method.the susceptibility testing of disinfectants against campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli strains from broilers and pigs was investigated. the filtration method european standard en 1040 was adapted to campylobacter cultures and validated with reference strains. two disinfectants were tested: 1% benzalkonium chloride active matter, as quaternary ammonium compound, and 0.63% sodium hypochlorite as chlorine-releasing agent. both disinfectants were effective against the 34 campylobacter strai ...200314516706
ribotyping characterisation of campylobacter isolates randomly collected from different sources in this study the potential for using the automated psti ribotyping as a primary library typing method to survey campylobacter and for identification of two thermophilic campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli species was evaluated. a total of 158 isolates randomly collected in italy from different sources were analyzed. a large percentage of chicken (28%), turkey (27%) and turkey meat (25%) isolates shared their ribotyping profiles (ribotypes) with those of humans, whereas the swine isolate ...200314522511
effect of temperature on viability of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli on raw chicken or pork determine growth and survival of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli on chicken and pork, campylobacter spp. (10(4) cfu/cm2) were inoculated on pieces of raw, irradiated chicken or pork skin and exposed to temperatures ranging from -20 to 42 degrees c under either microaerobic or aerobic conditions. viable counts over 48 h declined 2 to 3 log cfu/cm2 at -20 degrees c and 1 to 2 log cfu/cm2 at 25 degrees c regardless of skin type, species of campylobacter, or level of oxygen. at 4 degr ...200314627278
occurrence of campylobacter in retail foods in ireland.a surveillance study was carried out to determine the prevalence of campylobacter in a range of retail foods purchased in three irish cities over a 20-month period between march 2001 and october 2002. in total 2391 food samples were analysed during this period. campylobacter was isolated from 444 raw chicken (49.9%), 33 turkey (37.5%) and 11 duck samples (45.8%). lower isolation rates of 7/221 (3.2%), 10/197 (5.1%) and 31/262 (11.8%) were observed for raw beef, pork and lamb, respectively. one s ...200415282123
a european survey of antimicrobial susceptibility among zoonotic and commensal bacteria isolated from food-producing study antimicrobial resistance in zoonotic bacteria isolated from food animals in different countries using uniform methodology.200415375107
prevalences and transmission routes of campylobacter spp. strains within multiple pig this work, faecal samples were collected from 15 pig farms to determine the campylobacter prevalences at different times during the rearing period and to visualize the exchange of strains among the pig population by genotyping specific isolates. all isolated strains were identified as c. coli. whereas no campylobacter were detectable in the faeces of piglets at the day of birth, the campylobacter incidence rose within days to 32.8%. after transfer to the nursery unit the prevalence increased ...200515885928
clinical herd health, farm management and antimicrobial resistance in campylobacter coli on finishing pig farms in switzerland.the world-wide increase of antimicrobial resistance in micro-organisms complicates medical treatment of infected humans. we did a risk-factor analysis for the prevalence of antimicrobial resistant campylobacter coli on 64 swiss pig finishing farms. between may and november 2001, 20 faecal samples per farm were collected from the floor of pens holding finishing pigs shortly before slaughter. samples were pooled and cultured for campylobacter species. isolated campylobacter strains were tested for ...200515907569
[distribution and genetic characterization of porcine campylobacter coli isolates].the aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the slaughter process on the campylobacter (c.) coli prevalence on pig carcasses and finally pork. to detect c. spp., faecal samples, organ samples and surfaces of slaughter pigs were sampled. additionally, various abattoir surfaces (n=208) and 227 pork and minced meat samples were included in our study. whereas a high c. spp. prevalence (64.0%) was detectable in the faeces of slaughter pigs (all isolates were identified as c. coli), low detect ...200515918485
mama-pcr assay for the detection of point mutations associated with high-level erythromycin resistance in campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli strains.twenty campylobacter jejuni and 16 campylobacter coli strains isolated from humans and food/animals, including 17 isolates resistant to erythromycin, were analyzed. a combined mismatch amplification mutation assay-pcr technique was developed to detect the mutations a 2074 c and a 2075 g in the 23s rrna gene associated with erythromycin resistance. all high-level erythromycin-resistant strains examined by dna sequencing carried the transition mutation a 2075 g, whereas no isolate carried the a 20 ...200515927294
campylobacter coli: prevalence and antimicrobial resistance in antimicrobial-free (abf) swine production determine the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of campylobacter species in swine reared in the intensive and extensive antimicrobial-free (abf) production systems at farm and slaughter. in the abf system, antimicrobials are neither used for growth promotion nor therapeutic purposes.200516120624
genotyping of campylobacter spp. from retail meats by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and determine the genetic relatedness of campylobacter spp. from retail meat products, and compare the discriminatory power of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (pfge) and automatic ribotyping.200616405698
detection and identification of food-borne pathogens of the genera campylobacter, arcobacter and helicobacter by multiplex pcr in poultry and poultry products.the objective of this study was to develop a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (pcr) to detect and differentiate food-borne pathogens of the three genera campylobacter, arcobacter and helicobacter in a single step procedure. one common reverse primer and three genus-specific forward primers were designed by hybridizing to the 16s rrna of selected reference strains. besides the species with significance as food-borne pathogens isolated from poultry meat--campylobacter jejuni, campylobacter coli ...200617010041
characterization of macrolide-resistant campylobacter coli isolates from food-producing animals on farms across japan during 2004.we investigated the susceptibilities against 7 antimicrobial agents in campylobacter jejuni and c. coli isolates from food-producing animals in 2004. in comparison with the results of past surveillance, no significant difference was observed in resistance rates against all of the antimicrobials tested in campylobacter isolates. however, slight increase of erythromycin (em) resistance was found in c. coli isolates from pigs. we examined the mutation of the 23s rrna gene and their susceptibilities ...200617085893
a genotyping investigation of the colonization of piglets by campylobacter coli in the first 10 weeks of examine the campylobacter genotypes colonizing a litter of piglets during the first 10 weeks of life and compare them with those of the sow.200717381734
vibrionic dysentery in swine in ontario-part ii: morphological, biochemical and serological characteristics of vibrio coli. 196217421518
influxed insects as vectors for campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli in danish broiler houses.the vector potential of flies (diptera: brachycera) for spread of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli on 5 danish broiler farms was evaluated in a longitudinal field study from april to november 2004. first, the prevalence of c. jejuni- and c. coli-positive flies was determined in 2,816 flies captured from farm surroundings. each individual fly was macerated, preenriched in bolton broth for 24 h at 42 degrees c, streaked onto modified campylobater blood-free selective agar and incubated ...200818577626
campylobacter genotyping to determine the source of human infection.campylobacter species cause a high proportion of bacterial gastroenteritis cases and are a significant burden on health care systems and economies worldwide; however, the relative contributions of the various possible sources of infection in humans are unclear.200919275496
[molecular investigation of relatedness of campylobacter coli isolated from child with campylobacteriosis and healthy, household dog].thermotolerant species of campylobacter (mainly c. jejuni and c. coli) are among the most frequently isolated bacterial agents of gastroenteritis in many developed countries. c. coli is less prevalent than c. jejuni. the main reservoir of c. coli is swine, however this pathogen may also be found in poultry, cattle and pets. genotypic methods have successfully been applied to the subtyping of campylobacter species in epidemiological investigation. in the present study we report a case of isolatio ...200920120926
occurrence of thermotolerant campylobacter species in surface waters of a mediterranean area and in its prevailing pollution determine the prevalence of campylobacter in surface waters of a highly populated mediterranean area.201020408911
antimicrobial resistance in campylobacter coli selected by tylosin treatment at a pig knowledge is available regarding the dynamics of macrolide resistance under farm conditions with natural campylobacter populations. we examined the dynamics of antimicrobial resistance in campylobacter coli at a large pig farm. faeces were sampled from untreated sows and piglets (n=57), weaned pigs treated with tylosin (n=68) and pigs of the same group 3-5 weeks after withdrawal of tylosin (n=15). additionally, 48 weaned pigs were sampled after tylosin had not been administered for 7 mon ...201020684867
phenotypic and genotypic heterogeneity of campylobacter coli within individual pigs at farm and slaughter in the us.the aim of this study was to determine the phenotypic and genotypic diversity of multiple campylobacter isolates (n = 3 per sample) present within individual (heterogeneity) pig faecal and carcass samples at farm and slaughter, respectively. we isolated 1459 campylobacter coli (1110 on farm and 349 from slaughter) from 908 pigs and 757 carcasses and characterized them for their antimicrobial susceptibility profile to a panel of six antimicrobials using the agar dilution method. overall, we detec ...201021083823
evolution of an agriculture-associated disease causing campylobacter coli clade: evidence from national surveillance data in scotland.the common zoonotic pathogen campylobacter coli is an important cause of bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide but its evolution is incompletely understood. using multilocus sequence type (mlst) data of 7 housekeeping genes from a national survey of campylobacter in scotland (2005/6), and a combined population genetic-phylogenetics approach, we investigated the evolutionary history of c. coli. genealogical reconstruction of isolates from clinical infection, farm animals and the environment, reveal ...201021179537
related antimicrobial resistance genes detected in different bacterial species co-isolated from swine fecal samples.a potential factor leading to the spread of antimicrobial resistance (ar) in bacteria is the horizontal transfer of resistance genes between bacteria in animals or their environment. to investigate this, swine fecal samples were collected on-farm and cultured for escherichia coli, salmonella enterica, campylobacter spp., and enterococcus spp. which are all commonly found in swine. forty-nine of the samples from which all four bacteria were recovered were selected yielding a total of 196 isolates ...201121385089
rapid identification and quantification of campylobacter coli and campylobacter jejuni by real-time pcr in pure cultures and in complex samples.abstract: background: campylobacter spp., especially campylobacter jejuni (c. jejuni) and campylobacter coli (c. coli), are recognized as the leading human foodborne pathogens in developed countries. livestock animals carrying campylobacter pose an important risk for human contamination. pigs are known to be frequently colonized with campylobacter, especially c. coli, and to excrete high numbers of this pathogen in their faeces. molecular tools, notably real-time pcr, provide an effective, rapid ...201121600037
isolation of campylobacter from feral swine (sus scrofa) on the ranch associated with the 2006 escherichia coli o157:h7 spinach outbreak investigation in california.we report the isolation of campylobacter species from the same population of feral swine that was investigated in san benito county, california, during the 2006 spinach-related escherichia coli o157:h7 outbreak. this is the first survey of campylobacter in a free-ranging feral swine population in the united states. campylobacter species were cultured from buccal and rectal-anal swabs, colonic faeces and tonsils using a combination of selective enrichment and antibiotic-free membrane filtration m ...201222405465
food-borne zoonotic pathogens and antimicrobial resistance of indicator bacteria in urban wild boars in barcelona, spain.wildlife is increasingly abundant in urban environments, but little is known about the zoonotic pathogens carried by these populations. urban wild boars are of particular concern because this species is well-known as a pathogen reservoir, and thus, we studied selected zoonotic pathogens in urban wild boars in barcelona, spain (n=41). salmonella enterica was found in 5.00% (95% ci 0.61-16.91) and campylobacter coli in 4.88% (95% ci 0.6-16.53) of the animals. e. coli o157:h7 and c. jejuni were not ...201323992794
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