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isolation and partial characterisation of a new strain of ebola virus.we have isolated a new strain of ebola virus from a non-fatal human case infected during the autopsy of a wild chimpanzee in the côte-d'ivoire. the wild troop to which this animal belonged has been decimated by outbreaks of haemorrhagic syndromes. this is the first time that a human infection has been connected to naturally-infected monkeys in africa. data from the long-term survey of this troop of chimpanzees could answer questions about the natural reservoir of the ebola virus.19957746057
chimpanzee outbreak heats up search for ebola origin. 19957754392
human infection due to ebola virus, subtype côte d'ivoire: clinical and biologic presentation.in november 1994 after 15 years of epidemiologic silence, ebola virus reemerged in africa and, for the first time, in west africa. in côte d'ivoire, a 34-year-old female ethologist was infected while conducting a necropsy on a wild chimpanzee. eight days later, the patient developed a syndrome that did not respond to antimalarial drugs and was characterized by high fever, headache, chills, myalgia, and cough. the patient had abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, and a macular rash, and was repatri ...19999988164
multiple ebola virus transmission events and rapid decline of central african wildlife.several human and animal ebola outbreaks have occurred over the past 4 years in gabon and the republic of congo. the human outbreaks consisted of multiple simultaneous epidemics caused by different viral strains, and each epidemic resulted from the handling of a distinct gorilla, chimpanzee, or duiker carcass. these animal populations declined markedly during human ebola outbreaks, apparently as a result of ebola infection. recovered carcasses were infected by a variety of ebola strains, suggest ...200414726594
isolates of zaire ebolavirus from wild apes reveal genetic lineage and recombinants.over the last 30 years, zaire ebolavirus (zebov), a virus highly pathogenic for humans and wild apes, has emerged repeatedly in central africa. thus far, only a few virus isolates have been characterized genetically, all belonging to a single genetic lineage and originating exclusively from infected human patients. here, we describe the first zebov sequences isolated from great ape carcasses in the gabon/congo region that belong to a previously unrecognized genetic lineage. according to our esti ...200717942693
host and viral traits predict zoonotic spillover from mammals.the majority of human emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic, with viruses that originate in wild mammals of particular concern (for example, hiv, ebola and sars). understanding patterns of viral diversity in wildlife and determinants of successful cross-species transmission, or spillover, are therefore key goals for pandemic surveillance programs. however, few analytical tools exist to identify which host species are likely to harbour the next human virus, or which viruses can cross species ...201728636590
global mammal parasite database version 2.0.illuminating the ecological and evolutionary dynamics of parasites is one of the most pressing issues facing modern science, and is critical for basic science, the global economy, and human health. extremely important to this effort are data on the disease-causing organisms of wild animal hosts (including viruses, bacteria, protozoa, helminths, arthropods, and fungi). here we present an updated version of the global mammal parasite database, a database of the parasites of wild ungulates (artioda ...201728273333
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