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serosurvey for antibodies to malignant catarrhal fever-associated viruses in free-living and captive cervids in germany.a total of 486 serum samples collected from several species of both free-living and captive cervids in germany was examined for antibodies against malignant catarrhal fever (mcf)-associated viruses (mcfv) by a competitive-inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ci-elisa). eleven (2%) of these samples were positive for antibodies against mcfv. among 157 serum samples collected from 16 different species of captive deer including four (7%) of 54 fallow deer and one (7%) of 14 sika deer (cervu ...19989813848
experimental transmission of sheep-associated malignant catarrhal fever from sheep to japanese deer (cervus nippon) and cattle.the assumption that sheep carry ovine herpesvirus-2 (ovhv-2), the causative agent of sheep-associated malignant catarrhal fever (sa-mcf), is widely accepted, albeit ovhv-2 has not been isolated. we attempted experimental contact transmission of mcf from japanese sheep persistently infected with ovhv-2 to japanese deer (cervus nippon) and cattle. in experiment 1, a deer was kept in close quarters with an infected ewe. in experiment 2, a second deer was kept with the same ewe. in experiment 3, two ...200111230931
mural folliculitis and alopecia caused by infection with goat-associated malignant catarrhal fever virus in two sika deer.two sika deer from a zoo in florida were examined because of chronic hair loss and skin lesions. no common causes of alopecia were identified in either deer. one deer was treated with prednisone, but the condition worsened when the dosage was decreased. both deer were euthanatized after several months because of continued disease. the predominant histologic lesion in skin specimens was granulomatous mural folliculitis. serologic testing and sequencing of fragments produced with a consensus polym ...200212322924
an acute multispecies episode of sheep-associated malignant catarrhal fever in captive wild animals in an italian zoo.in july 2011, in a zoological garden in rome, italy, malignant catarrhal fever (mcf), a fatal, systemic disease of artiodactyla, was suspected on the basis of neurological signs and gross lesions observed in a banteng, the first animal to die of this infection. an mcf type-specific pcr with subsequent sequencing of the pcr amplicon confirmed the aetiological agent as ovine herpesvirus-2 (ovhv-2). biological samples were collected from the dead animals for gross, histological, bacteriological, vi ...201625598396
caprine herpesvirus-2 in association with naturally occurring malignant catarrhal fever in captive sika deer (cervus nippon).three female sika deer from a single captive herd were submitted for postmortem examination over a 139-day period. the first 2 deer submitted were reported to have lost body mass for 20 days to 1 month before euthanasia. one of these deer had diarrhea, the other had a crusting dermatitis on the nasal planum and inner aspects of both pinnae. the third hind did not have any signs of disease before it was found seizuring and was immediately euthanatized. microscopically, all 3 animals had a lymphoc ...200312661731
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