Publications

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infection of an infant with an adult toxocara cati (nematoda). 1978671159
evaluation of the efficacy and safety of two formulations of pyrantel pamoate in cats.the efficacy of paste and granule formulations of pyrantel pamoate against concurrent infections of toxocara cati and ancylostoma tubaeforme in cats was examined in a controlled trial. three groups of 8 cats received either no medication (controls) or pyrantel pamoate in paste or granule formulations at a dosage of 20 mg/kg of body weight. after administration of the paste formulation, fecal egg counts of a tubaeforme and t cati were decreased by 98.6 and 96.4%, respectively, and 100% of hookwor ...19902368952
a survey of helminths in domestic cats in the pretoria area of transvaal, republic of south africa. part 1: the prevalence and comparison of burdens of helminths in adult and juvenile cats.the helminths found in 1,502 necropsied cats were examined. the findings indicated that 65% of the cats were infested. the most prevalent helminths encountered were ancylostoma tubaeforme (41%), ancylostoma braziliense (25%), dipylidium caninum (23%), toxocara cati (11%), taenia taeniaeformis (7.7%), ancylostoma caninum (3.3%), joyeuxiella fuhrmanni (2.5%), ancylostoma ceylanicum (1.4%), and physaloptera praeputialis (1.3%). the following helminths were recorded in fewer than 1% of the cats: cen ...19892634770
prevalence of chlamydia, toxoplasma, toxocara and ringworm in farm cats in south-west england.the prevalence of infection with chlamydia psittaci, toxoplasma gondii, toxocara cati and microsporum canis was examined in 51 cats on 22 sheep farms in the bristol area. serum antibody to c psittaci and t gondii was present in 45 per cent and 47 per cent of cats, respectively. at the time of sampling c psittaci was isolated from 6 per cent of the cats, t cati was identified in 63 per cent of faecal samples but neither t gondii nor m canis was isolated. when examined according to the farm of ori ...19873672827
the prevalence of toxocara cati and other parasites in liverpool cats. 19724675710
infection with adult toxocara cati. 19695813552
a survey of helminths in stray cats from copenhagen with ecological aspects.at autopsy of 230 adult stray cats, 120 from backyards and 110 from gardens, the intestinal tract was scrutinized for helminths. the prevalence of toxocara cati, taenia taeniaeformis and dipylidium caninum was found to be 79%, 11% and 14%, respectively. comparisons were made with the results of previous danish investigations. the prevalence of toxocara cati was found to be independent of time of collection and the sex and habitat of the cats and identical in cats with or without taenia. this ind ...19846538054
anthelmintic effect of febantel/praziquantel paste in dogs and cats.a paste formulation of 3.4% febantel and 0.34% praziquantel was given in soft food at a rate of 0.29 g/kg of body weight, once daily for 3 days to dogs and cats. eleven of 12 dogs were naturally infected with ancylostoma caninum, 10 with trichuris vulpis, 2 with toxocara canis, 5 with taenia sp, and 3 with dirofilaria immitis. ten of 11 cats were naturally infected with toxocara cati, 2 with ancylostoma tubaeforme, 3 with taenia sp, 5 with capillaria aerophila, and 1 with paragonimus kellicotti. ...19846703448
the intestinal helminths of the red fox and some other carnivores in southwest germany.in south-west germany between 1975 and 1980, 3,573 red foxes (vulpes vulpes), 84 badgers (meles meles), 47 stone martens (martes foina), and 387 cats (felis catus) were examined for intestinal helminths. in foxes the extent of infections was: taenia crassiceps 24%, t. polyacantha 8%, t. taeniaeformis 0.6%, t. serialis 0.5%, mesocestoides leptothylacus 20%, mesocestoides sp. 0.2%, toxocara canis 32%, toxascaris leonina 3%, uncinaria stenocephala 26%. one to three foxes harboured t. hydatigena, t. ...19827072323
glomerular lesions associated with infestation with toxocara cati. 19827157622
a comparison of the sites of acid phosphatase activity in an adult filaria, setaria sp. and in some gastro-intestinal nematodes.the histochemical localization of acid phosphatase in an adult filaria, setaria sp. obtained from the peritoneal cavity of a cow was closely examined and compared with that of adult nematodes parasitic in the host alimentary canal; special attention was paid to the intestine and body wall of the parasites. setaria sp. was found to show high acid phosphatase activity in the interchordal hypodermis of the body wall and uterine microfilariae, and similar activity is suspected to occur in the cuticl ...19807195002
prevalence of intestinal parasites in domestic cats from the london area.the prevalence of intestinal parasites in domestic cats from the london area was surveyed over an 18-month period by microscopic examination of faecal samples. of the 947 cats examined 11.5 per cent were infected with toxocara cati, 1.9 per cent with isospora felis, 1.2 per cent with dipylidium caninum, 1.2 per cent with taenia taeniaeformis, 0.8 per cent with i rivolta and 0.2 per cent with toxascaris leonina.19817340062
humoral immune response of cats to paragonimus infection.the time course of humoral immune response to paragonimus siamensis was studied in 10 cats experimentally infected with either 30 or 60 matacercariae and the antibody produced was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (elisa), complement fixation test (cft), and immunoelectrophoresis (iep) test. with elisa and cft, antibodies was detected as early as 2nd week after infection and the cats remained positive throughout the 12 week period of observation. in contrast, the iep test was persist ...19817342322
helminths of the tsushima leopard cat (felis bengalensis euptilura).three tsushima leopard cats (felis bengalensis euptilura) in japan were collected as road kills. three species of trematodes (pharyngostomum cordatum, paragonimus sp. and dicrocoeliidae gn. sp.), one species of cestode (spirometra erinacei) and nine species of nematodes (arthrostoma hunanensis, uncinaria felidis, uncinaria sp., ancylostoma tubaeforme, molineus springsmithi, toxocara cati, capillaria aerophila, capillaria felis-cati, and capillaria sp.) were found. among these helminths, arthrost ...19938445779
parasite prevalence in free-ranging farm cats, felis silvestris catus.no animals tested were positive for feline leukemia virus antigen and chlamydia psittaci antibodies, but all were positive for antibodies to feline calicivirus (fcv), feline herpesvirus 1 (fhv1) and rotavirus. they had antibodies to feline parvovirus (96%), feline coronavirus (84% and cowpox virus (2%). antibody to feline immunodeficiency virus (fiv) was found in 53% of animals, which were less likely to be infected with haemobartonella felis, and had higher fhv antibody titres than cats without ...19968620914
[intestinal geohelminthosis in man and domestic animals in the riverside sections of the valdivia river basin, chile].in march-october 1987 were analyzed 1295 coprological specimens in a sample of the human population who lives in riverside localities in the valdivia river basin, chile. a 23.6% of examined persons presented infection by one or more helminth species. the prevalence of infection by ascaris lumbricoides, trichuris trichiura and trichostrongylidae gen. sp. were 15.5, 12.7 and 0.2%, respectively. the prevalence of human ascariosis and trichuriosis were greater in pre-school and school children. the ...19958762668
pcr-based methods for identification of potentially zoonotic ascaridoid parasites of the dog, fox and cat.genomic dna was extracted from ascaridoid nematodes collected from dogs, foxes and cats. a region spanning the second internal transcribed spacer (its-2) of the ribosomal dna of each sample was amplified by pcr. representative its-2 products for each nematode species (toxocara canis, toxocara cati and toxascaris leonina) were sequenced. restriction sites were identified for use as genetic markers in a pcr-linked rflp assay. the three species could be differentiated from each other and from other ...19979386794
anthelmintic efficacy of oxibendazole against some important nematodes in dogs and cats.the anthelmintic efficacy and safety of the oxibendazole component in a combination oxibendazole-niclosamide paste were investigated in dogs and cats and in litters of pups with naturally acquired nematode infections. a single dose of 15 mg oxibendazole/kg body weight given to 70 dogs and to 29 cats reduced faecal worm egg counts (epg) by 97.6% for toxocara canis, 95.7% for trichuris vulpis, 94.6% for ancylostoma caninum, and 100% for toxascaris leonina. in cats, 96.7% efficacy was demonstrated ...19989563164
gastrointestinal helminth parasites in stray cats from the mid-ebro valley, spain.gastrointestinal helminths were collected from 58 necropsied stray cats (felis catus) in the mid-ebro valley, north-east spain, from december 1989 to march 1992. the prevalence was 89.7%, with those of individual parasites being toxocara cati 55.2%c, ancylostoma tubaeforme 29.3% joyeuxiella pasqualei 55.2%, diplopylidium acanthotetra 20.7%, dipylidium caninum 20.7%, mesocestoides spp. 13.8%, taenia taeniformis 8.6% and diplopylidium nölleri 8.6%. in relation to sex, the differences were not sign ...19989637225
toxocariasis: serological diagnosis by indirect antibody competition elisa.toxocariasis is caused by infection of man by toxocara canis and toxocara cati larvae, the common roundworm of dogs and cats. because larvae are difficult to detect in tissues, diagnosis is mostly based on serology. non specific reactions are observed mainly due to cross-reactivity with ascaris sp antigens. this investigation aimed at developing and evaluating an indirect antibody competition elisa (iace) employing a specific rabbit igg anti-toxocara canis excretory-secretory antigens as the com ...199910413956
[survey on toxocara cati in domestic cats].a total of 542 domestic cats aged from 1 month to 20 years were investigated for toxocara cati (t. cati) by means of fecal examination. the cats were classified in the groups according to their kept environment (indoor or outdoor) and age (1-6 month, 7 month-1 year, 2-3 year, 4-5 year and over 6 year). the indoor kept cats were major in all ages, and the friendly relationship was suggested between domestic cats and humans. the parasitic rates of t. cati a higher percentage was noted in the group ...200011109764
parasite richness and abundance in insular and mainland feral cats: insularity or density?hosts living on islands carry few parasite species, and the prevalence and intensity of directly transmitted parasites are often higher in insular than in mainland populations. however, it is unclear whether density or other features of insular populations can be responsible for the pattern observed. we compared the parasite richness, prevalence and intensity of parasites between 2 feral populations of cats living either at low density on an island (kerguelen) or at high density on the mainland ...200111510679
toxocara cati: an underestimated zoonotic agent.the role of toxocara cati as a zoonosis is reviewed. it is suggested that, despite case histories of human infection in the literature, historical factors have led to t. cati being under-recognized as a zoonosis, particularly when compared with the prominence given to toxocara canis in dogs. differentiation of the two infections remains challenging even today. it is recommended that further work be conducted to facilitate differentiation so that the importance of t. cati as a zoonosis can be cle ...200312689646
[an epidemiological study on zoonoses in korea]helminthic zoonoses are of significant importance to the public health and to the socioeconomic consequences especially in lost-meat, animal products and animal labor. for past several decades in korea, it has been recognized that endoparasitic infections among domestic animals are extremely common and many of the helminth parasites of man have been acquired from, or are shared with domestic animals. however, there was no survey of a nationwide scale on the prevalence of animal helminthiasis; an ...198112902720
the life history and development of toxocara cati (schrank 1788) in the domestic cat. 195613322456
seroprevalences of antibodies against bartonella henselae and toxoplasma gondii and fecal shedding of cryptosporidium spp, giardia spp, and toxocara cati in feral and pet domestic cats.to compare seroprevalences of antibodies against bartonella henselae and toxoplasma gondii and fecal shedding of cryptosporidium spp, giardia spp, and toxocara cati in feral and pet domestic cats.200415552314
prevalence of toxocara cati and other parasites in cats' faeces collected from the open spaces of public institutions: buenos aires, argentina.toxocarosis is a worldwide parasitic infection that affects both cats and dogs. toxocara cati (schrank, 1788) syn. toxocara mystax (zeder, 1800) prevalence was studied in faeces from stray cats collected from the open spaces of public institutions of buenos aires city, both building and surrounding open spaces are fenced off. of the 465 samples obtained from march to june of 2005, 58.3% were found to have parasite eggs. the following parasites were identified from the 271 positive samples: t. ca ...200616647819
parasites of free-ranging small canids and felids in the bolivian chaco.parasite surveys of free-ranging wildlife provide important information for monitoring population health. between march 2001 and march 2003, we sampled 10 ocelots (leopardus pardalis), eight geoffroy's cats (oncifelis geoffroyi), a jaguarundi (herpailurus yaguarondi), five pampas foxes (pseudalopex gymnocercus), and three crab-eating foxes (cerdocyon thous) at three sites in the bolivian chaco. the objective of the study was to survey the parasite fauna of these carnivores and compare prevalence ...200617312790
helminth parasites of the endangered iberian lynx (lynx pardinus) and sympatric carnivores.five critically endangered iberian lynxes (lynx pardinus) and 35 other sympatric carnivores (19 feral cats felis catus, 12 egyptian mongooses herpestes ichneumon, and 4 common genets genetta genetta) were analysed for helminths in sierra morena and doñana area (southern spain). ancylostoma tubaeforme, which was believed to be harmful for lynx cubs according to a previous study, was present in the only lynx and in 53% of cats analysed in doñana (80% in adult cats). other species shared in both ar ...200718021466
descriptive epidemiology of intestinal helminth parasites from stray cat populations in qatar.a total of 488 stray cats, 212 adult and 29 juvenile females plus 235 adult and 12 juvenile males, were examined post-mortem during the winter and summer months of 2006 from five sites in the vicinity of doha and its outskirts. five helminths, comprising three nematode and two cestode species were identified and the majority of cats harboured two of these species. the most prevalent was the cestode taenia taeniaeformis (75.8%), followed by the cestode diplopylidium sp. (42.8%), and the nematodes ...200818199386
intestinal helminths of feral cat populations from urban and suburban districts of qatar.a survey of the helminths of 658 adult cats from feral urban and suburban populations in qatar was conducted across all months in 2006 and 2007. six species of helminths were identified, comprising two cestodes (taenia taeniaeformis [73.6%] and diplopylidium acanthotetra [47.1%]) and four nematodes (ancylostoma tubaeforme [14.7%], physaloptera praeputialis [5.2%], toxocara cati [0.8%] and toxascaris leonina [0.2%]), and 83% of cats were infected with at least one of these. the average number of ...201020031329
histopathologic changes and larval recovery of toxocara cati in experimentally infected chickens.this study was made to determine the distribution pattern of toxocara cati larvae in chickens as a paratenic host and its potential zoonotic risk by consuming infected chickens. two groups of chickens were fed with 1,000 and 3,000 embryonated eggs of t. cati. the chickens were necropsied 3, 7, 14, and 21 days postinfection. the liver, lungs, kidneys, spleen, small intestine, and half of all the striated muscles were digested for larval recovery. squash method was used for brain. larvae were reco ...200717768638
field evaluation of the efficacy and safety of emodepside/praziquantel spot-on solution against naturally acquired nematode and cestode infections in domestic cats.two controlled, blinded and randomized multi-site clinical field studies evaluated the efficacy and safety of emodepside/praziquantel spot-on in the treatment of gastrointestinal nematode and cestode infections in cats. in a study conducted in europe, faecal egg count reductions of >98% for all nematode eggs and eggs of toxocara cati, respectively, were observed in cats treated with emodepside/praziquantel spot-on (profender, bayer ag, leverkusen, germany). for a positive-control product contain ...200516228276
antiparasitic efficiency of artemisia absinthium on toxocara cati in naturally infected cats.objective: the first aim of the present study was to determine the efficiency of a. absinthium extract on cats naturally infected with toxocara cati. the second aim was to determine the efficiency of the extract on the embryonic development of t. cati eggs in vitro. methods: artemisia absinthium extract was orally administrated to cats at the doses of 300 mg/kg and 600 mg/kg body weight in group 1 and 2, respectively. it was given only once a day and the treatment continued 7 consecutive days. t ...201121618184
a survey study on gastrointestinal parasites of stray cats in northern region of nile delta, egypt.a survey study on gastrointestinal parasites in 113 faecal samples from stray cats collected randomly from kafrelsheikh province, northern region of nile delta of egypt; was conducted in the period between january and may 2010. the overall prevalence was 91%. the results of this study reported seven helminth species: toxocara cati (9%), ancylostoma tubaeforme (4%), toxascaris leonina (5%), dipylidium caninum (5%), capillaria spp. (3%), taenia taeniformis (22%) and heterophyes heterophyes (3%), f ...201121760884
results of parasitological examinations of faecal samples from cats and dogs in germany between 2003 and 2010.in a retrospective study, the results of parasitological examinations of faecal samples from 8,560 cats and 24,677 dogs between january 2003 and december 2010 in germany were analysed. 30.4 % of the examined dogs and 22.8 % of the cats were infected with endoparasites. the examination of the faecal samples from dogs revealed stages of giardia spp. (18.6 %), toxocara canis (6.1 %), toxascaris leonina (0.6 %), ancylostomatidae (2.2 %), trichuris vulpis (1.2 %), capillaria spp. (1.3 %), crenosoma v ...201121739375
gastrointestinal helminthes in stray cats (felis catus) from aizawl, mizoram, india.gastrointestinal helminthes were collected from 27 necropsied stray cats (felis catus) in aizawl, mizoram, india from january 2005 to april, 2009. the examined cats showed mixed helminthic infections, with an overall prevalence of 85.2%. five nematodes, 2 cestodes and 1 trematode were identified. the most common helminthes were taenia taeniaeformis (70.4%), toxocara cati (59.3%), physaloptera praeputalis (44.4%), dipylidium caninum (40.7%), spirocerca felineus (18.5%), gnathostoma spinigerum (11 ...201121710844
prevalence of selected zoonotic and vector-borne agents in dogs and cats in costa rica.to estimate the prevalence of enteric parasites and selected vector-borne agents of dogs and cats in san isidro de el general, costa rica, fecal and serum samples were collected from animals voluntarily undergoing sterilization. each fecal sample was examined for parasites by microscopic examination after fecal flotation and for giardia and cryptosporidium using an immunofluorescence assay (ifa). giardia and cryptosporidium ifa positive samples were genotyped after pcr amplification of specific ...201121846585
the effects of endoparasitism on the immune response to orally administered antigen in cats.the aim of the study was to assess whether infection with toxocara cati (t. cati) facilitates the induction of immunoglobulin (ig) e or other antibody responses to a specific antigen administered with food in kittens. two groups of 10 cats each, either experimentally infected with t. cati or parasite-free, were dosed with human serum albumin (hsa) added daily to their food from day 7 to 28 inclusive. levels of hsa-specific ige, igg, iga and igm were assessed in the serum by enzyme-linked immunos ...200515910998
[infections with helminths and/or protozoa in cats in animal shelters in the netherlands].to determine the prevalence of infections with helminths and protozoa in cats in animal shelters, faecal samples from 305 cats from 22 animal shelters in the netherlands were examined, using a centrifugation-sedimentation-flotation-technique. the association between potential risk factors and the occurrence of an infection was also tested. infections with helminths and/or protozoa were found in 160 samples (52.5%). toxocara cati was found in 86 cats (28.2%), cystoisospora felis in 59 cats (19.3% ...200414737808
parasites of domestic owned cats in europe: co-infestations and risk factors.domestic cats can be infested by a large range of parasite species. parasitic infestations may cause very different clinical signs. endoparasites and ectoparasites are rarely explored in the same study and therefore multiparasitism is poorly documented. the present survey aimed to improve knowledge of the prevalence and risk factors associated with ecto- and endoparasite infestations in owned cats in europe.201424965063
epidemiological survey of zoonotic helminths in feral cats in gran canaria island (macaronesian archipelago-spain).the presence of zoonotic parasites in feral cats have been widely considered all over the world. in gran canaria (macaronesian archipelago, canary islands, spain) the number of feral cats has grown out of control in urban and rural areas. 48 of felis catus captured in different gran canaria areas were studied. animals were necropsied and several organs were systematically examined in order to collect and identify macroscopic parasites. in addition, coprological tests were done in 28 cats. there ...201627447205
vertical transmission of toxocara cati schrank 1788 (anisakidae) in the cat.in eight cats and their offspring the mode of transmission of toxocara cati following natural and experimental infection was investigated in three experiments. in experiments 1 and 2 the kittens of four cats with a chronic natural infection and of four cats with an acute experimental infection, respectively, were examined. in experiment 3 two queens of experiment 2 were mated again to examine whether in the adult cat "dormant" larvae exist in the tissue, that can be reactivated during pregnancy ...200414652744
the prevalence of toxocara cati in domestic cats in mexico city.the faeces of 520 domestic cats, resident in the 16 municipal authorities of mexico city, were analysed using the method of centrifuging with zinc sulphate (at 33%). three hundred and ninety-nine animals lived in houses, 121 in apartments. for the purpose of this study they were divided into seven age groups, of 6 months each. toxocara cati eggs were found in the faeces of 42.5% of the animals. 20.7% of apartment cats and 49.1% of house cats were infected. this difference in the rate of infectio ...200312732465
development of a real-time pcr for a sensitive one-step coprodiagnosis allowing both the identification of carnivore feces and the detection of toxocara spp. and echinococcus multilocularis.studying the environmental occurrence of parasites of concern for humans and animals based on coprosamples is an expanding field of work in epidemiology and the ecology of health. detecting and quantifying toxocara spp. and echinococcus multilocularis, two predominant zoonotic helminths circulating in european carnivores, in feces may help to better target measures for prevention. a rapid, sensitive, and one-step quantitative pcr (qpcr) allowing detection of e. multilocularis and toxocara spp. w ...201626969697
the prevalence of intestinal nematodes in cats and dogs from lancashire, north-west england.to estimate prevalence of clinically-relevant intestinal nematodes in uk cats and dogs using the sensitive faecal analysis technique flotac.201627071856
prevalence of enteric zoonotic organisms in cats.to determine prevalence of enteric zoonotic organisms in cats in north-central colorado.200010707683
[frequency of toxocara cati eggs in domestic cats in mexico city and the state of mexico].toxocariosis is a zoonosis which has been widely studied in dogs. however, not much is known about this parasitosis in cats. the aim of the present work was to determine the frequency of toxocara cati in domestic cats in mexico city and the state of mexico. feces of 660 domestic cats were studied by the faust concentration-floating test; 401 samples were from cats living in mexico city of which 308 lived in houses and 93 in apartments; 231 were from urban areas of the state of mexico and 28 from ...19979497534
a survey of toxocara infections in cat breeding colonies in the netherlands.faecal samples from 225 adults cats and 112 kittens and dust and soil samples from 25 catteries in the netherlands were examined for toxocara eggs. the results of this survey showed a low nematode infection rate in the investigated dutch catteries since only four adult cats (2%) from two catteries (8%) were found to shed toxocara cati eggs. no other helminth eggs were seen in the faecal samples. nematode eggs were not present in the environmental dust and soil samples from houses and kennels; on ...19989477527
road killed carnivores illustrate the status of zoonotic helminthes in caspian sea littoral of iran.carnivore carcasses on the roads can be regarded as study materials in parasitology and eco-epidemiology. stray carnivores such as dogs and cats are known to harbor so many different pathogens like zoonotic helminthes. the current investigation, apparent the status of the helminthic parasites found in road killed carnivores from different parts of guilan province north of iran.201728761483
gastrointestinal helminths and ectoparasites in the stray cats (felidae: felis catus) of ahar municipality, northwestern iran.the stray cats are considered as the sources of emerging humans and domestic livestock pathogens and the zoonoses of public health importance. the present study was aimed to elucidate intestinal helminth infections and infestation with ectoparasites of the stray cats of ahar city, northwestern iran.201728761492
prevalence of toxoplasma gondii and other gastrointestinal parasites in domestic cats from households in thika region, kenya.gastrointestinal (git) parasites of domestic cats (felis catus) not only cause morbidity but are also potential zoonotic agents. the current study aimed at establishing the prevalence of git parasites in cats kept by households in thika region, kenya. fecal samples were collected randomly from 103 cats and analyzed for presence of parasites using standard parasitological methods. in descending order, the prevalence of the detected protozoa parasites was isospora spp. 43.7% (95% ci: 40.4-47%), cr ...201728691033
aspects of toxocara epidemiology: toxocarosis in dogs and cats.toxocara canis and toxocara cati are common roundworms of dogs and cats. in this review the life cycles of these parasites are described, including the various routes of transmission, such as transplacental, transmammary infection, and infection through paratenic hosts. the somatic and tracheal migration in the body of the hosts after infection with toxocara eggs or larvae is discussed, with special reference to age resistance and differences between dog and cat. the clinical symptoms and pathol ...19979347222
[toxocara ova in parks and sand-boxes in the city of utrecht].an investigation was carried out for the presence of toxocara spp. eggs in public parks and children's sand-boxes in the city of utrecht. the pollution of parks with the eggs of the dog's ascarid toxocara canis is comparable with reports from other european cities. the eggs of toxocara cati were found in small numbers only. interestingly there was no difference between parks with or without formal exclusion of dogs. most sand-boxes are polluted with the eggs of the ascarid of cats t. cati. incid ...19938211920
evaluation of granulated fenbendazole (22.2%) against induced and naturally occurring helminth infections in cats.a granulated formulation of 22.2% fenbendazole was tested for anthelmintic activity against helminths in cats. the drug was administered in 20 g of canned food on each of 3 days at a dosage of 50 mg/kg of body weight/day. of 31 young adult cats harboring naturally occurring infections of toxocara cati, 16 were treated and 15 served as controls. there was 100% clearance of ascarids from all treated cats. among controls, 18% of the ascarid burden was expelled naturally. thirty additional cats were ...19807447142
helminth parasites of wild cats in north-east scotland.three cestode species, namely taenia taeniaeformis batsch, 1786, taenia pisiformis (bloch, 1780) and mesocestoides litteratus (batsch, 1786) and one nematode species, toxocara cati schrank, 1788, were found in wild cats collected in grampian region, scotland. of the 41 cats examined, 25 were felis silvestris, 12 were feral felis catus and four were hybrids of f. silvestris and f. catus.19807229325
[prevalence of protozoans helminths among cats purchased for experimental use in the kanto area].prevalence of protozoan and helminth parasites in adult cats for experimental use obtained from kanto area, japan during the period of 1973-74 (91 cats) and 1980-81 (80 cats) was investigated by means of autopsy, fecal examination and serological tests. no protozoa were found in blood smear specimens. the rate of positive toxoplasma antibody tests was 65.4% (hemagglutination test) in 1973-74 and 26.3% (latex agglutination test) in 1980-81. oocysts of coccidia found in feces were isospora felis a ...19836653679
anthelmintic efficacy of febantel combined with praziquantel against ancylostoma tubaeforme, toxocara cati, and taenia taeniaeformis in cats.forty cats, each harboring 2 or 3 parasitic infections (ancylostoma tubaeforme, toxocara cati, and/or taenia taeniaeformis), were used to titrate the anthelmintic efficacy of a paste containing 3.4% febantel and 0.34% praziquantel. the cats were allotted into 4 groups (10 cats/group). for 3 consecutive days, the cats were given febantel/praziquantel at 5/0.5 mg/kg/day, 10/1 mg/kg/day, 15/1.5 mg/kg/day, or a blank paste vehicle (control) at 0.29 g/kg of body weight. the recommended dosage of 10 m ...19863767110
intestinal helminthic infections of cats in calabar, nigeria.a study of intestinal helminthic infections of 52 cats (felis catus) was undertaken in calabar, nigeria. direct smear and zinc sulphate floatation technique were utilized. the following helminths were observed: toxocara cati (28.85%), ancylostoma tubaeforme (19.23%), trichuris felis (5.77%), dipylidium caninum (23.08%) and taenia taeniaeformis (9.61%). the worm burdens were generally low, ranging from 2 to 20 per cat. no definite pattern of infection was observed with regard to sex. trematodes w ...19883169644
biochemical and immunological systematics of some ascaridoid nematodes: genetic divergence between congeners.vertical starch gel electrophoresis and trefoil immunodiffusion were used to study the systematics of some ascaridoid nematodes. within the ascarididae, the time scale of divergence was too great for intergeneric electrophoretic comparisons. congeneric electrophoretic comparisons of baylisascaris procyonis (host--raccoon) versus baylisascaris transfuga (host--black bear), and toxocara canis (host--domestic dog) versus toxocara cati (host--domestic cat) yielded nei genetic distance coefficients o ...19873114467
anthelmintic efficacy of milbemycin d against toxocara cati and ancylostoma tubaeforme in domestic cats.anthelmintic efficacy of milbemycin d was evaluated against toxocara cati and ancylostoma tubaeforme in domestic cats. twelve cats naturally infected with each nematode species were allocated among 2 groups of 6 animals each, and milbemycin d was orally administered to the 2 groups of cats in doses of 0.05 mg/kg and 0.1 mg/kg body weight, respectively. in all the cats infected with t. cati, fecal egg counts decreased followed by their disappearance from the feces and 2-35 worms were excreted int ...19911836368
prevalence of sarcocystis infection and other intestinal parasitisms in cats from a humane shelter in ohio.feces of 1,000 cats from a humane shelter in columbus, ohio were examined for evidence of intestinal parasitisms. prevalences (in percentage of oocysts or helminth eggs) were: sarcocytis sp, 0.2; toxoplasma-like sp, 1.0; isospora felis, 6.2; isopora rivolta, 3.2; toxocara cati, 25; capillaria sp, 1.3; ancylostoma sp, 9.4; uncinaria sp, 0.2; and taenia sp, 0.5. infectivity of coccidia found in feces was tested by oral inoculation into mice and by feeding inoculated mice to cats. toxoplasma-like o ...1976815229
production of monoclonal antibody against toxocara cati second-stage larvae and its application for the detection of circulating antigens.toxocariasis is an important zoonotic disease caused by the second-stage larvae of toxocara species. human toxocariasis is usually diagnosed by serological methods. we prepared monoclonal antibody specific for toxocara cati (t. cati) and performed the following experiments using this antibody to increase the sensitivity of our capture elisa for antigen detection. the isotype of monoclonal antibody was igg3. using this monoclonal antibody, a capture elisa was developed. the produced monoclonal an ...201020568996
prevalence of endoparasites in household cat (felis catus) populations from transylvania (romania) and association with risk factors.there is no current information regarding the prevalence of parasites in romanian cats. consequently, we conducted a study to evaluate the prevalence of endoparasites in a sample of household cats in the transylvania region, to point out the risk factors for parasite infection and to evaluate the knowledge of cat owners about the zoonotic potential of some parasites. four hundred fourteen faecal samples were collected and examined by sodium chloride flotation followed by microscopy. also, questi ...201020381250
gastrointestinal parasites of stray cats in kashan, iran.considering the role of parasites in contamination of human beings and domestic animals and lack of information in the region, the present study was performed to investigate the infection status of helminthes and protozoa of stray cats in central iran. a cross - sectional study was conducted on 113 stray cats trapped from different geographic regions of kashan during four seasons and were necropsied. different organs including: kidney, heart, liver, lungs, gastrointestinal tract and abdominal ca ...200919696723
[occurrence of parasites in the alimentary canal of cats from szczecin area, poland].the aim of this work was to determine the average prevalence of cats with parasites in their alimentary canal in the area of szczecin and to identify the parasite species in the alimentary canal in these animals. this research was carried on: domestic cats, stray cats and cats from the animal shelter and from the animal protection society. approximately, 3 grams of weight faeces was collected, and each sample was homogenized with a glass rod, examined with microscope, and then processed by flota ...201021179670
efficacy of a milbemycin oxime-praziquantel combination product against adult and immature stages of toxocara cati in cats and kittens after induced infection.two studies were performed to examine the efficacy of milbemycin oxime against fourth-stage larvae or adults of toxocara cati. in the study to determine efficacy against fourth-stage larvae, 20 domestic shorthair cats were inoculated with 500 embryonated eggs. four weeks after inoculation, the animals were allocated to two groups, and cats in one group were treated with medicated tablets containing 4 mg milbemycin oxime and 10mg praziquantel (milbemax) and cats in the other group with placebo ta ...200717140736
the occurrence of toxocara malaysiensis in cats in china, confirmed by sequence-based analyses of ribosomal dna.non-isotopic polymerase chain reaction (pcr)-based single-strand conformation polymorphism and sequence analyses of the second internal transcribed spacer (its-2) of nuclear ribosomal dna (rdna) were utilized to genetically characterise ascaridoids from dogs and cats from china by comparison with those from other countries. the study showed that toxocara canis, toxocara cati, and toxascaris leonina from china were genetically the same as those from other geographical origins. specimens from cats ...200616636846
[prevalence of intestinal helminths in cats in quindío, colombia].diseases caused by helminths are widely distributed in the world and many of them are considered zoonoses in which pets play a major role in transmission to humans.201223715191
intestinal parasites of cats purchased in seoul.fecal samples of cats purchased in seoul were examined for helminth ova or protozoan oocysts from december 1987 to march 1988. out of the 41 samples, 31 (75.6%) were positive and 60 (146.3%) were cumulative positive for parasites. the followings were identified in the samples: eggs of toxocara cati, clonorchis sinensis, metagonimus sp., pharyngostomum cordatum, spirometra erinacei, taenia taeniaeformis and oocysts of isospora sp. from nine autopsied cats, larvae of anisakis simplex, adults of c. ...19938297895
toxocara infection and its association with allergic manifestations.toxocara canis and toxocara cati are roundworms of dogs and cats that can also infect humans worldwide. although these parasites do not reach the adult stage in the human host the larvae migrate to different organs and can persist for many years. migration of larvae through the lungs may result in respiratory distress such as wheezing, coughs, mucous production and hyper-reactivity of the airways. epidemiological and experimental studies suggest that infection with this helminth contributes to t ...201122214330
a survey study on gastrointestinal parasites of stray cats in azarshahr, (east azerbaijan province, iran).gastrointestinal parasites are among the most common parasitic infections found in stray cats, which might act potential helminthic parasites to domestic cats. the objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in stray cats in the city of azarshahr, which is located in east azerbaijan province, iran. a cross-sectional study was conducted on 50 necropsied stray cats, trapped and collected from different geographic regions of azarshahr. from a total 50 stray ...201627876926
gastrointestinal parasites of cats in brazil: frequency and zoonotic risk.gastrointestinal helminths are considered to be the most common parasites affecting cats worldwide. correct diagnosis of these parasites in animals living in urban areas is pivotal, especially considering the zoonotic potential of some species (e.g. ancylostoma sp. and toxocara sp.). in this study, a copromicroscopic survey was conducted using fecal samples (n = 173) from domestic cats living in the northeastern region of brazil. samples were examined through the flotac technique and the overall ...201627096530
toxocara malaysiensis infection in domestic cats in vietnam--an emerging zoonotic issue?toxocara canis of canids is a parasitic nematode (ascaridoid) that infects humans and other hosts, causing different forms of toxocariasis. this species of toxocara appears to be the most important cause of human disease, likely followed by toxocara cati from felids. although some studies from malaysia and china have shown that cats can harbor another congener, t. malaysiensis, no information is available about this parasite for other countries. moreover, the zoonotic potential of this parasite ...201626584512
first report of toxocara cati in the domestic land snail rumina decollata.the prospective role of the land snail rumina decollata as a potential paratenic host of toxocara cati for domestic cats was studied. r. decollata specimens and cats' feces were collected from the open spaces of a buenos aires city hospital. cats' feces were analyzed and snails were digested to identify t. cati stages, by morphological and molecular analyses. t. cati larval eggs were recovered from 23.5% (4/17) of the sampled feces. twenty percent of snail pools (5/25) were confirmed to be posit ...201727567520
efficacy of a novel topical combination of fipronil, (s)-methoprene, eprinomectin and praziquantel against adult and larval stages of toxocara cati in cats.the efficacy of a novel topical combination of fipronil 8.3% (w/v), (s)-methoprene 10% (w/v), eprinomectin 0.4% (w/v), and praziquantel 8.3% (w/v) (broadline(®), merial) was evaluated against adult and larval toxocara cati in four controlled studies. all studies included experimentally infected, purpose-bred, short-haired cats. in two studies, 22 or 20 cats harbouring patent infections as confirmed by pre-treatment faecal examination, were included. within each study, cats were allocated to one ...201424703074
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