mixed infestation of a domestic cat by aelurostrongylus abstrusus and oslerus rostratus.two types of nematodes were found in the lungs of a spanish cat in poor condition. one type was identified as the rather common aelurostrongylus abstrusus. the other, although presenting slight differences in some of its measurements, had the morphologic features and the characteristic location of oslerus rostratus, a species which apparently has not been previously reported in europe. it is hypothesized that o. rostratus is a parasite of wild felids, the domestic cat being just an accidental ho ...19921590596
studies on re-infestation of the cat with aelurostrongylus abstrusus. 19685652068
radiographic evaluation of pulmonary abnormalities after aelurostrongylus abstrusus inoculation in cats.bronchial and focal alveolar lung disease was present in cats 3 to 6 weeks after aelurostrongylus inoculation. more generalized alveolar lung disease was seen during first-stage larval production 5 to 21 weeks after inoculation. bronchial and interstitial disease entities were seen on radiographs after partial resolution of alveolar disease. these changes were observed 17 to 40 weeks after inoculation.19836838043
evaluation of granulated fenbendazole (22.2%) against induced and naturally occurring helminth infections in cats.a granulated formulation of 22.2% fenbendazole was tested for anthelmintic activity against helminths in cats. the drug was administered in 20 g of canned food on each of 3 days at a dosage of 50 mg/kg of body weight/day. of 31 young adult cats harboring naturally occurring infections of toxocara cati, 16 were treated and 15 served as controls. there was 100% clearance of ascarids from all treated cats. among controls, 18% of the ascarid burden was expelled naturally. thirty additional cats were ...19807447142
[parasitological fecal studies of equids, dogs, cats and hedgehogs during the years 1984-1991].the results of the coproscopical examinations in horses, dogs, cats and hedgehogs between 1984 and 1991 are presented. in 9192 samples from horses 55.5% stages of strongylids, 4.0% of parascaris equorum, 2.2% of anoplocephalids, 1.6% strongyloides westeri, 0.7% of oxyuris equi, 0.6% of eimeria leuckarti, 0.2% of fasciola hepatica and 0.04% of dictyocaulus arnfieldi were found. in 48.0% of the 46 samples from donkeys eggs from strongylids were detected, in 17.4% larvae from dictyocaulus arnfieldi ...19938261912
[investigations on the endoparasitic fauna of domestic cats in eastern brandenburg].the internal organs of 155 cats originating from 3 different territories in the eastern part of brandenburg state were examined for parasites between 1993 and 1995. parasites were found in 85% of cats. parasites with the highest prevalence were toxocara mystax (45%), hydatigera taeniaeformis (22%), ancylostoma tubaeforme (17%) and opisthorchis felineus (16%). metorchis bilis, mesocestoides spp., taenia pisiformis, capillaria plica, capillaria sp., ollulanus tricuspis, aelurostrongylus abstrusus, ...19979139627
endoparasites in dogs and cats in germany 1999-2002.infections with endoparasites in dogs and cats have been determined by analysing the results of faecal examinations (flotation, mifc, sedimentation, baermann, smear, prospect giardia microplate assay). samples of 8438 dogs and 3167 cats from the years 1999 until 2002 have been included in the investigation. 2717 dogs (32.2%) and 771 cats (24.3%) have been infected with endoparasites. in the infected dogs the following parasites have been identified: class nematodea: toxocara canis: 22.4%, toxasc ...200312928886
[infections with helminths and/or protozoa in cats in animal shelters in the netherlands].to determine the prevalence of infections with helminths and protozoa in cats in animal shelters, faecal samples from 305 cats from 22 animal shelters in the netherlands were examined, using a centrifugation-sedimentation-flotation-technique. the association between potential risk factors and the occurrence of an infection was also tested. infections with helminths and/or protozoa were found in 160 samples (52.5%). toxocara cati was found in 86 cats (28.2%), cystoisospora felis in 59 cats (19.3% ...200414737808
larval development of aelurostrongylus abstrusus (nematoda, angiostrongylidae) in experimentally infected cernuella (cernuella) virgata (mollusca, helicidae).the larval development of the cat lungworm aelurostrongylus abstrusus was studied for the first time in the helicid mollusc cernuella (cernuella) virgata, in order to know its performance as intermediate host (i.h.). this snail is very common in the north-west of spain. first-stage larvae (l1) of a. abstrusus were obtained by the baermann-wetzel method from the faeces of a naturally infected cat. then, 120 specimens of c. (c.) virgata were infected with 500 l1/snail and maintained under laborato ...200415614583
prevalence of toxocara cati and other parasites in cats' faeces collected from the open spaces of public institutions: buenos aires, argentina.toxocarosis is a worldwide parasitic infection that affects both cats and dogs. toxocara cati (schrank, 1788) syn. toxocara mystax (zeder, 1800) prevalence was studied in faeces from stray cats collected from the open spaces of public institutions of buenos aires city, both building and surrounding open spaces are fenced off. of the 465 samples obtained from march to june of 2005, 58.3% were found to have parasite eggs. the following parasites were identified from the 271 positive samples: t. ca ...200616647819
parasites of free-ranging small canids and felids in the bolivian chaco.parasite surveys of free-ranging wildlife provide important information for monitoring population health. between march 2001 and march 2003, we sampled 10 ocelots (leopardus pardalis), eight geoffroy's cats (oncifelis geoffroyi), a jaguarundi (herpailurus yaguarondi), five pampas foxes (pseudalopex gymnocercus), and three crab-eating foxes (cerdocyon thous) at three sites in the bolivian chaco. the objective of the study was to survey the parasite fauna of these carnivores and compare prevalence ...200617312790
first record of a nematode metastrongyloidea (aelurostrongylus abstrusus larvae) in achatina (lissachatina) fulica (mollusca, achatinidae) in brazil.achatina (lissachatina) fulica was introduced in brazil in the 1980s for commercial purposes ("escargot" farming) and nowadays, mainly by human activity, it is widespread in at least 23 out of 26 brazilian states and brasília, including the amazonian region and natural reserves, where besides a general nuisance for people it is a pest and also a public health concern, since it is one of the natural intermediate host of angiostrongylus cantonensis, ethiological agent of the meningoencephalitis in ...200818078952
use of the flotac technique for the diagnosis of aelurostrongylus abstrusus in the cat.aelurostrongylus abstrusus is a lungworm of the domestic cats distributed worldwide. its presence, however, is often underestimated due to limitation of common coprological diagnostic techniques. the present study reports, for the first time, the use of the flotac technique for a. abstrusus diagnosis in feline faecal samples with results compared to the following three standard copromicroscopic techniques: the baermann technique, the mcmaster technique and the wisconsin technique. the comparison ...200818618146
feline aelurostrongylosis and canine angiostrongylosis: a challenging diagnosis for two emerging verminous pneumonia infections.aelurostrongylus abstrusus and angiostrongylus vasorum (nematoda, metastrongyloidea) are causative agents of verminous feline and canine pneumonia. both are presently emerging in several geographical areas and are of major clinical importance. given the range of parasitic and non-parasitic pathogens which may cause cardio-respiratory distress in dogs and cats, the unequivocal specific diagnosis of both diseases is pivotal for unravelling their epidemiology and central to therapy and control. sev ...200818775603
[aelurostrongylus abstrusus pneumonia in an immunosuppressed cat].this study was performed on a mixed breed street cat whose immune system had been suppressed by cortisone. necropsy following the cat's death indicated the presence of hepatized areas of 1-1.5 cm sizes located in whole lung lobules. the samples prepared for histopathological examination confirmed verminous pneumonia. the agent causing the pathology was determined to be aelurostrongylus abstrusus.200919367555
comparison of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid examination and other diagnostic techniques with the baermann technique for detection of naturally occurring aelurostrongylus abstrusus infection in evaluate the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of bronchoalveolar lavage (bal) fluid examination and other diagnostic techniques, compared with the use of the baermann technique performed on fecal samples as the reference standard, for detection of naturally occurring aelurostrongylus abstrusus infection in a population of cats.200919566453
efficacy and safety of imidacloprid 10%/moxidectin 1% spot-on formulation in the treatment of feline aelurostrongylosis.the objective of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the antiparasitic spot-on formulation containing imidacloprid 10%/moxidectin 1% (advocate, bayer) in the treatment of natural feline infection with the lungworm aelurostrongylus abstrusus (nematoda, strongylida). the efficacy of advocate administered once was tested in comparison to a control oral formulation containing fenbendazole 18.75% (panacur intervet) administered over three consecutive days based on larvae per ...200919575226
efficacy and safety of emodepside 2.1%/praziquantel 8.6% spot-on formulation in the treatment of feline aelurostrongylosis.the objective of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the antiparasitic spot-on formulation containing emodepside 2.1%/praziquantel 8.6% (profender, bayer) in the treatment of natural feline infection with the lungworm aelurostrongylus abstrusus (nematoda, strongylida). efficacy of profender given once at the licensed dose was tested in comparison to a control oral formulation containing fenbendazole 18.75% (panacur, intervet) given over three consecutive days at the lice ...200919575229
prevalence of endoparasites in household cat (felis catus) populations from transylvania (romania) and association with risk factors.there is no current information regarding the prevalence of parasites in romanian cats. consequently, we conducted a study to evaluate the prevalence of endoparasites in a sample of household cats in the transylvania region, to point out the risk factors for parasite infection and to evaluate the knowledge of cat owners about the zoonotic potential of some parasites. four hundred fourteen faecal samples were collected and examined by sodium chloride flotation followed by microscopy. also, questi ...201020381250
canine and feline infections by cardiopulmonary nematodes in central and southern italy.capillaria aerophila, aelurostrongylus abstrusus, angiostrongylus vasorum and dirofilaria immitis are cardiopulmonary nematodes affecting dogs and cats and presently emerging in several countries. the results obtained in 2009 - 2010 during a study aiming to investigate the occurrence of these nematodes in regions from central (marche and abruzzo regions - sites a and b, respectively) and southern (apulia - site c) italy are here reported. a total of 534 and 436 individual faecal samples collecte ...201121739378
the output of first stage larvae by cats infested with aelurostrongylus abstrusus. 19685701790
[prevalence of intestinal helminths in cats in quindío, colombia].diseases caused by helminths are widely distributed in the world and many of them are considered zoonoses in which pets play a major role in transmission to humans.201223715191
troglostrongylus brevior and troglostrongylus subcrenatus (strongylida: crenosomatidae) as agents of broncho-pulmonary infestation in domestic cats.aelurostrongylus abstrusus is currently regarded as the main metastrongyloid infesting domestic cats, whereas the reports of troglostrongylus spp. in domestic and wild felids largely remain anecdotic. this paper reports on pulmonary infestation caused by troglostrongylus brevior and troglostrongylus subcrenatus in two kittens and describes, for the first time, associated clinical presentations and pathological features. morphometrical, molecular and phylogenetic analyses have also been conducted ...201222916686
mitochondrial haplotypes of aelurostrongylus abstrusus and troglostrongylus brevior (nematoda, metastrongyloidea) from domestic and wild felids.the lungworm aelurostrongylus abstrusus is the most important respiratory parasite of domestic cats. pulmonary aelurostrongylosis has been reported in wild felids, though unequivocally evidence of wildlife infection by a. abstrusus is scant. recently, troglostrongylus brevior, a lungworm usually infecting wild felids, has been described in domestic cats from mediterranean areas. the present work evaluates the sequence variation of an informative region within the gene encoding the mitochondrial ...201728197762
diagnosis and management of lungworm infections in cats: cornerstones, dilemmas and new avenues.respiratory parasites infecting domestic cats are attracting increased attention in feline clinical practice. in addition to the most commonly recognised 'cat lungworm' aelurostrongylus abstrusus, troglostrongylus brevior and capillaria aerophila are now considered important pathogens of the respiratory tract of cats.201626733545
occurrence of aelurostrongylus abstrusus and troglostrongylus brevior in domestic cats in greece.despite the evidence that mediterranean europe offers suitable conditions for the biology of felid respiratory metastrongyloids, no updated data on the presence of felid lungworms are available for greece. although the cat lungworm aelurostrongylus abstrusus is considered as enzootic in domestic cats (felis silvestris catus) living in some areas of continental greece, conversely, troglostrongylus brevior, has only been reported in the island of crete. the present study aimed to evaluate the occu ...201526577206
respiratory nematodes in cat populations of italy.the occurrence of common respiratory parasites of domestic cats (the metastrongyloid "cat lungworm" aelurostrongylus abstrusus and the trichuroid capillaria aerophila) and of neglected respiratory nematodes of felids (troglostrongylus brevior, angiostrongylus chabaudi and oslerus rostratus) was here evaluated in two and three geographical sites of northern and central italy, respectively. in 2014-2015, individual fecal samples of 868 domestic cats were examined microscopically and genetically, a ...201526319524
metastrongyloid infection by aelurostrongylus abstrusus, troglostrongylus brevior and angiostrongylus chabaudi in a domestic cat.the "cat lungworm", aelurostrongylus abstrusus, affects cats worldwide. recently, other cardio-pulmonary parasites, e.g. troglostrongylus brevior and angiostrongylus chabaudi, have been isolated from cats either for the first time or a long time after they were first described. this paper describes the first known mixed infection by a. abstrusus, t. brevior and a. chabaudi in a domestic cat. biological and epidemiological implications of old and "new" metastrongyloid-caused infections in cats ar ...201526149643
lungworm disease in cats: abcd guidelines on prevention and management.cardiopulmonary nematodes are emerging parasites of cats in europe. a number of helminth parasites may be involved. the most prevalent lungworm in domestic cats is aelurostrongylus abstrusus. oslerus rostratus and troglostrongylus species are found mainly in wild cats. the trichurid capillaria aerophila has a low host specificity and is not uncommon in cats. additionally the lung flukes paragonimus species are reported in many species outside of europe, including cats.201526101316
occurrence of aelurostrongylus abstrusus (railliet, 1898) in danish cats: a modified lung digestion method for isolating adult aelurostrongylus abstrusus has not previously received any attention in denmark, the study investigated the occurrence of a. abstrusus amongst outdoor cats from three regions (zealand, møn and falster). faeces and lungs were collected from a total of 147 feral (n=125) and domesticated cats (n=22) that were euthanized for reasons outside of this project. using a modified baermann technique 13.6% of the cats was found to be positive. a new lung digestion technique was developed to isolate eggs, ...201525858114
simultaneous infection by four feline lungworm species and implications for the diagnosis.besides aelurostrongylus abstrusus, other parasites belonging to the superfamily metastrongyloidea, namely oslerus rostratus, troglostrongylus brevior and to the family trichuridae, i.e. eucoleus aerophilus (syn. capillaria aerophila), have also been reported as agents of respiratory infection in domestic cats. a case of simultaneous infection by four feline lungworm species in sardinia is herein described. an adult female cat (felis silvestris catus), road-killed in the southeast part of sardin ...201525367212
treatment of troglostrongylus brevior (metastrongyloidea, crenosomatidae) in mixed lungworm infections using spot-on emodepside.feline lungworms have long been known as pathogens of cats. however, an increased incidence of clinical cases in some areas has been the focus of a number of recent epidemiological and clinical studies. while aelurostrongylus abstrusus causes respiratory signs in cats all over the world, troglostrongylus brevior has recently been found in domestic cats from spain and italy (where it often causes severe clinical signs). capillaria aerophila, a parasite that infects many wild carnivores, may cause ...201524793743
new insights on metastrongyloid lungworms infecting cats of sardinia, addition to the well-known aelurostrongylus abstrusus (strongylida: angiostrongylidae), troglostrongylus brevior (strongylida: crenosomatidae) has recently been diagnosed as a causative agent of bronco-pulmonary infections of cats in spain and italy. however, information concerning the impact of this species of lungworm on feline population is limited to a few case reports. from july 2011 to may 2013 an epidemiological survey was carried out on sardinia island (italy), where 107 individual fa ...201424780162
efficacy of a novel topical combination of fipronil, (s)-methoprene, eprinomectin and praziquantel against larval and adult stages of the cat lungworm, aelurostrongylus abstrusus.the efficacy of a novel topical combination of fipronil 8.3% w/v, (s)-methoprene 10% w/v, eprinomectin 0.4% w/v, and praziquantel 8.3% w/v (broadline(®),(1) merial) against larval and adult aelurostrongylus abstrusus lungworms in cats was assessed in a controlled laboratory study. the study included 48 purpose-bred, short-haired cats which were each inoculated with 225 infective a. abstrusus larvae. the cats were formed into eight blocks based on pre-treatment bodyweight and were then, within ea ...201424703080
intermediate and paratenic hosts in the life cycle of aelurostrongylus abstrusus in natural environment.the cat lungworm aelurostrongylus abstrusus affects the domestic cats and other felids all over the world. feline aelurostrongylosis is of importance in clinical feline medicine. snails and slugs are the intermediate hosts, but the cat is probably infected by eating paratenic hosts, e.g., rodents, birds, amphibians and reptiles. herein we present the first finding of a. abstrusus in a naturally infected invasive synantropic slugs arion lusitanicus (intermediate host) and wild living rodents apod ...201324094777
survival of first-stage larvae of the cat lungworm troglostrongylus brevior (strongylida: crenosomatidae) under different conditions.troglostrongylus brevior has recently been recognised as a neglected causative agent of broncho-pulmonary infestation in domestic cats. nonetheless, information on the biology and ecology of this nematode is still scarce. in this study, the survival of t. brevior first-stage larvae (l1) was evaluated in water and in faecal samples at different controlled temperatures in the laboratory (i.e., 4 and 26°c) or in the outdoor environment (mean temperature 14±3.1°c). vitality of larvae was microscopic ...201324055217
feline lungworms: what a dilemma.aelurostrongylus abstrusus is regarded as the major lungworm infecting felis catus, although other, albeit poorly studied, nematodes have been described from the respiratory system of domestic cats. recent records of these neglected parasites have renewed the attention of the scientific community, but their actual role in respiratory disease in cats is blurred. the epidemiology, pathogenic role, and diagnosis of troglostrongylus spp., oslerus rostratus, and capillaria aerophila in domestic cats ...201323928099
larval development of the feline lungworm aelurostrongylus abstrusus in helix aspersa.the cat lungworm aelurostrongylus abstrusus affects the domestic cat and other felids all over the world. feline aelurostrongylosis is of importance in clinical feline medicine and is gaining more and more attention for the present expansion in the geographical range of a. abstrusus. global warming and changes in phenology of snail intermediate hosts have been incriminated in this spreading. helix aspersa, a potential vector of a. abstrusus, is endemic in most regions of the world, where it has ...201323743614
lungworms and gastrointestinal parasites of domestic cats: a european perspective.with the exception of aelurostrongylus abstrusus, feline lungworms have been poorly studied. information on their distribution is patchy and mostly limited to case reports. in this study, the occurrence of feline lungworms and co-infecting gastrointestinal parasites has been investigated in 12 european countries (i.e. austria, belgium, bulgaria, france, greece, hungary, italy, portugal, romania, spain, switzerland and the united kingdom). an average of 10 domestic cats, with regular outdoor acce ...201728455237
fatal aelurostrongylosis in a kitten in serbia.this paper describes a case of aelurostrongylosis in a four-month old female domestic cat (felis catus) from south banat, serbia. the kitten that had died suddenly without signs of illness was autopsied in the veterinary specialised institute "pančevo". the macroscopic finding was typical of granulomatous pneumonia and subsequently, histopathology revealed verminous pneumonia. based on the parasite morphology, it was confirmed that the lung lesions were caused by aelurostrongylus abstrusus. the ...201728426412
mixed infection by aelurostrongylus abstrusus and troglostrongylus brevior in kittens from the same litter in italy.parasitic nematodes affecting the respiratory system of felids are spreading in endemic regions and emerging in previously free areas and/or hosts. this is particularly the case of the cat lungworm aelurostrongylus abstrusus, which can cause respiratory signs in cats all over the world. additionally, troglostrongylus brevior has been recently found in domestic cats from ibiza island in spain and southern italy. the present paper describes the first mixed infection by these lungworms in kittens b ...201424271082
gross and histopathological changes associated with aelurostrongylus abstrusus and troglostrongylus brevior in a kitten.aelurostrongylus abstrusus affects the respiratory system of domestic cats worldwide, causing different clinical signs. recently, troglostrongylus brevior, a parasite found only in feral and wild animals until 2010, has been regarded as a cause of potentially severe bronchopneumonia in domestic cats. the life cycle of both nematodes involves the same intermediate (i.e. land mollusks) and paratenic hosts (i.e. lizards, birds and small mammals). biological and epidemiological drivers may cause the ...201424548702
lungworms of the genus troglostrongylus (strongylida: crenosomatidae): neglected parasites for domestic cats.feline lungworms belonging to the troglostrongylus genus have been neglected for a long time. however, recent reports of troglostrongylus brevior and troglostrongylus subcrenatus in domestic cats have stimulated the interest of the scientific community on these lungworms. troglostrongylus spp. have an indirect life cycle, which overlaps that of the better known aelurostrongylus abstrusus. nonetheless, adult worms of both genera have a distinct morphology and localization within the respiratory s ...201424566126
retrospective study on the occurrence of the feline lungworms aelurostrongylus abstrusus and troglostrongylus spp. in endemic areas of italy.aelurostrongylus abstrusus is a metastrongyloid nematode infesting the respiratory system of domestic cats worldwide. troglostrongylus brevior and troglostrongylus subcrenatus, two lungworms thought to infest wild felids, have been found recently in domestic cats from spain and italy. these unexpected findings have raised doubts about the assumed past and present occurrence of troglostrongylus spp., especially t. brevior, in domestic hosts and suggest that there may have been missed detection or ...201525577021
efficacy of broadline against capillaria aerophila lungworm infection in cats.capillaria aerophila is a globally distributed parasite of the respiratory system of carnivores and can be considered the second most common lungworm after aelurostrongylus abstrusus in domestic cats in the northern hemisphere. to evaluate the efficacy of broadline (merial), a combination of fipronil 8.3% w/v, (s)-methoprene 10% w/v, eprinomectin 0.4% w/v and praziquantel 8.3% w/v against c. aerophila, a controlled study with 20 naturally infected cats was conducted. following blocking by body w ...201525681144
occurrence of lungworms in european wildcats (felis silvestris silvestris) of central italy.the increasing focus on infections in domestic cats ( felis catus ) has raised questions about lungworm distribution in wild hosts. to enhance knowledge of the occurrence of lungworms in enzootic regions of central italy, we examined the carcasses of 16 european wildcats ( felis silvestris silvestris). adult nematodes, feces, respiratory flushings, and pulmonary tissues were collected at necropsy and then microscopically and genetically analyzed. fourteen wildcats had single or mixed lungworm sp ...201626967134
aelurostrongylus abstrusus in wild felids of south africa.the increasing interest on respiratory nematodes of domestic cats (felis silvestris catus) has recently stimulated several studies on their epidemiology and geographic distribution. at the same time, there are still important gaps in our knowledge of the infections caused by respiratory nematodes in wild felids. the present study investigated the occurrence of pulmonary parasites in wild hosts housed in sanctuaries and protected areas of south africa. faecal samples collected from seven species ...201627230016
the pathogenesis of the lesions elicited by aelurostrongylus abstrusus during its prepatent period. 19705315260
results of parasitological examinations of faecal samples from cats and dogs in germany between 2003 and a retrospective study, the results of parasitological examinations of faecal samples from 8,560 cats and 24,677 dogs between january 2003 and december 2010 in germany were analysed. 30.4 % of the examined dogs and 22.8 % of the cats were infected with endoparasites. the examination of the faecal samples from dogs revealed stages of giardia spp. (18.6 %), toxocara canis (6.1 %), toxascaris leonina (0.6 %), ancylostomatidae (2.2 %), trichuris vulpis (1.2 %), capillaria spp. (1.3 %), crenosoma v ...201121739375
changes in the ultrastructure of feline pulmonary arteries following infection with the lungworm aelurostrongylus abstrusus. 19846722505
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